Sustainable Rural Development

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    أثر التمويل المستدام لمنظمات المجتمع المدني في دعم برامج رعاية مرضى السرطان في المحافظات الجنوبية الفلسطينية
    (Al-quds University, 2022-08-28) أريج رياض محمد عبد الجواد; Areej Riyad Mohammed Abed EL-Jawwad
    هدفت الدراسة إلى التعرف على أثر التمويل المستدام الذي تقوم به منظمات المجتمع المدني في دعم برامج رعاية مرضى السرطان في المحافظات الجنوبية الفلسطينية، وذلك من خلال تحليل أبعاد هذا التمويل المتمثلة في بعد الحوكمة والبعد الاجتماعي والبعد البيئي. واستخدمت الدراسة المنهج الوصفي التحليلي حيث اعتمدت بشكل رئيسي في إطارها النظري على الأدبيات الحديثة في التمويل المستدام لسبر أغوار الموضوع، واستخدام أداتي الاستبانة والمقابلة الهيكلية لجمع البيانات من مصادرها الأولية، وقد تكون مجتمع الدراسة من مختلف المستويات الإدارية العاملة في منظمات المجتمع المدني ممن ترتبط طبيعة عملهم بإدارة البرامج والمشاريع الخاصة برعاية مرضى السرطان، وقامت الباحثة بتوزيع أداة الدراسة المتمثلة بالاستبانة على مجتمع الدراسة البالغ عددهم (67) موظفاً، حيث تم استهدافهم بطريقة المسح الشامل، واسترد منها عدد (60) استبانة صالحة للاستخدام لأغراض التحليل، بنسبة استرداد بلغت 89.5)%)، أما ما يخص المقابلات المهيكلة فقد قامت الباحثة بإجراء مقابلات مع ذوي الخبرة - من فئة مدير ورئيس مجلس إدارة - في تلك المنظمات والبالغ عددهم (6) أفراد. وقد خلصت الدراسة إلى مجموعة من النتائج، تمثل أهمها في وجود درجة منخفضة من توافر التمويل المستدام الذي تقوم به منظمات المجتمع المدني الراعية لمرضى السرطان، الأمر الذي يؤثر سلباً على أدائها خاصة في ظل ما أظهره التحليل من وجود علاقة ارتباط إيجابية قوية، ذات دلالة إحصائية بين توفر التمويل المستدام لهذه المنظمات وقدرتها على دعم برامج رعاية مرضى السرطان، كما أشارت النتائج أيضاً إلى وجود أثر إيجابي معنوي ذو دلالة إحصائية لمتغير التمويل المستدام المتمثل في (بعد الحوكمة، البعد الاجتماعي، البعد البيئي)، على دعم برامج رعاية مرضى السرطان في المحافظات الجنوبية الفلسطينية، الأمر الذي يشير إلى أهمية مراعاة توافر هذه الأبعاد بكافة مكوناتها الأساسية اللازمة في هذا الخصوص. وقد أوصت الدراسة بضرورة التركيز على نشر الوعي بمفاهيم وأبعاد التمويل المستدام بشكل شمولي، وهو ما يتطلب من منظمات المجتمع المدني الراعية لمرضى السرطان التركيز على كل من البعد الاجتماعي والبعد البيئي وبعد الحوكمة للحصول على ثقة الممولين في توفير التمويل المستدام لدعم برامج رعاية مرضى السرطان في المحافظات الجنوبية الفلسطينية، وإدماجه في الإطار التنفيذي لتلك المنظمات لسد احتياجات مرضى السرطان على المدى الطويل، مع التركيز على قضايا التمويل التنموي وتغليبه على الطابع الإغاثي، وفتح قنوات الشراكة الاستراتيجية مع القطاع الخاص الذي يمكن أن يلعب دوراً مهماً في تقديم الدعم اللازم في الأطر الاجتماعية والبيئية والحوكمة التي تدعم برامج رعاية مرضى السرطان، مع الاهتمام بتطوير أداء الكوادر البشرية وتدريبها في مجال تجنيد واستقطاب الأموال من الجهات المانحة. The impact of sustainable funding for civil society organizations in supporting cancer care programs in the Palestine’s Southern Governorates Prepared by: Areej Riyad M. Abed El Jawwad Supervisor: Dr. Ali Shaheen Abstract: The study aimed to identify the impact of sustainable funding implemented by civil society organizations in supporting cancer care programs in the Palestine’s Southern Governorates, by analyzing the dimensions of this funding represented in the governance, social and environmental dimensions. The study used the descriptive analytical method, where it relied mainly in its theoretical framework on recent literature in sustainable financing to explore the subject matter, the main primary data collection tools used were questionnaires and structural interview. The study targeted consist of deferent administrative levels working in civil society organizations whose nature of work is related to the management of programs and projects for the care of cancer patients, and the researcher distributed the study tool represented by the questionnaire to the study population of (67) employees, as they were targeted by the comprehensive survey method, and (60) questionnaires valid for use for analysis purposes were recovered, with a recovery rate of (89.5%), And for the structured interviews, the researcher conducted interviews with experts - from the category of manager and chairman of directors - in those organizations, who numbered (6) individuals. The study concluded that there is a low degree of availability of sustainable funding implemented by civil society organizations sponsoring cancer patients, which negatively affects their performance, especially in light of what the analysis showed of a strong positive correlation, with statistical significance. between the availability of sustainable funding for these organizations and their ability to support cancer care programs, Also the results indicated that there is a positive significant, statistically significant impact of the sustainable financing variable (the governance dimension, the social dimension, the environmental dimension) on supporting cancer care programs in the southern Palestinian governorates, which indicates the importance of taking into account the availability of these dimensions with all their components. essential in this regard. Eventually, the study highly recommended that The need to focus on spreading awareness of the concepts and dimensions of sustainable finance in a holistic manner, Also to focus on the social, environmental and governance dimensions to gain the trust of funders in providing sustainable funding to support cancer care programs in the governorates Southern of Palestinian, and integrating it into the executive framework of these organizations to meet the long-term needs of cancer patients, With a focus on development financing issues and their priority over relief, and opening strategic partnership channels with the private sector, which can play an important role in providing the necessary support in social, environmental and governance frameworks that support cancer care programs, With an interest in developing the performance of human cadres and training them in the field of fundraising from donors.
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    Factors affecting the sustainability of the performance of the tourism sector in Bethlehem Governorate during the Corona pandemic
    (2022-06-19) Khader Gicaman
    This study aims to view of Factors affecting the sustainability of the performance of the tourism sector in Bethlehem Governorate during the Corona pandemic,To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher used the descriptive analytical approach, and the study population consisted of (146) workers in hotels and oriental antiques stores in the Bethlehem Governorate. (55) A single item that represents antiques shops. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher used the questionnaire as a tool for all data that was distributed electronically to the study sample, and after verifying the validity and reliability of the tool, the appropriate statistical analysis was conducted. It was clear from the results that the impact of the Corona pandemic on the performance of hotels and shops selling tourist antiques in the Bethlehem governorate came to a very high degree, and the results indicated that There are no statistically significant differences at the significance level (0.05) in the degree of evaluating the performance of hotels and tourist antiques shops in Bethlehem Governorate during the Corona pandemic from a development perspective due to demographic variables (educational qualification, average monthly income of the facility, number of employees in the facility) , while it indicated that there were statistically significant differences at the significance level (0.05) in the degree of evaluation of the performance of hotels and shops selling tourist antiques in Bethlehem Governorate during the Corona pandemic from a developmental perspective due to the strong variables. Rafia (gender, years of experience, and job title), and in light of this, the researcher presented a set of recommendations.
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    دور المقاومة الشعبية في التنمية السياسة في الضفة الغربية 2002-2012
    (2013-05-26) وفاء احمد محمود ابو جبارة; Wafa Ahmad Abu-jabara
    The Role of the popular resistance in political development of the west Bank 2002-2012". Student: Wafa Abu-jabara Supervisor: Dr. Naïf Jarrad Abstract It Has been conducted over a period of time from April to December 2012. It represents the civilians of the west bank who participated in the popular resistance activities in the areas that face the Apartheid wall and from land confiscation for settlement expansion during the target period of time. The objectives of this study are: to describe the role of popular resistance in West Bank, analyze how it relates to enhancing the leading role of masses, show its impact on promoting the political awareness and to figure out, and to what extent the popular resistance is accepted as a form of struggle during the target period of time. The importance f this study emerges from the importance of its subject in the Palestinian cause, also, it is among the early papers that focus on the popular resistance in enhancing the political participation. Moreover, its statistical results might become a reference for decision makers. The descriptive-qualitative approach has been adopted to achieve the objectives. Questionnaire was constructed to collect data. It was distributed on the reprehensive sample. The statistical program (SPSS) was used to analyses the collected data and the results were interpreted in to tables and charts. Beside, the researcher interviewed random sample of the target group to investigate their opinions and attitudes. The results showed that the popular resistance plays a central role in reinforcing the political development in west Bank through enhancing the political participation. It also strengthen the civilian loyalty and unity against occupation which push the political force to take action. In addition, the results showed that Palestinian consider the popular resistance the most suitable form of struggle during this stage. On the other hand, the result showed the governmental support did not improve popular resistance; on the contrary, it had a negative effect on it. The study came up with a group of recommendations summarized in: the popular committee need for a comprehensive evaluation in order to redefine and figure out the weaknesses, so it will be ready to develop a comprehensive strategy op political struggle using all forms of resistance focusing on the most suitable forms, then, to call the masses to consider popular resistance as a way of life which will turn every citizen in to an efficient factor to frustrate the occupation strategies, through generalizing the official and popular boycott for the Israeli products.
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    أسعار اللحوم الحمراء في الضفة الغربية والعوامل المؤثرة عليها
    (AL-Quds University, 2019-03-18) محمد صبري رشاد مناصرة; Mohammed Sabri Rashad Manasra; ابراهيم عوض; عزمي الاطرش; محمود الجعفري