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أثر الخصائص الريادية على التميز المؤسسي وفق نموذج بالدريدج (دراسة حالة: وزارة العمل الفلسطينية في قطاع غزة)
(Al-Quds University, 2019-12-26) أحمد عبدالكريم علي أبوطه; Ahmad Abu Taha
The study aimed to identify the impact of entrepreneurial characteristics on institutional excellence according to the Baldridge Model of Excellence, a case study: the Palestinian Ministry of Labor in the Gaza Strip, the researcher used the descriptive analytical approach, and the questionnaire as a tool to collect data, where (160) questionnaires, were distributed we foud that, (131) valid questionnaires were retrieved. The study concluded with a number of results, the most important of which are: the availability of dimensions of entreprenewial characteristics that are the subject of study among workers in the Palestinian Ministry of Labor in the Gaza Strip to a large degree, with a relative weight (75.40%), the availability of the dimensions of institutional excellence subject of the study at a medium degree, with a relative weight (67.88%), as well There is a statistically significant effect of entrepreneurial characteristics among workers in the Ministry of Labor in achieving institutional excellence, and there is a strong relationship with statistical significance between entrepreneurial characteristics of workers in the Ministry of Labor and achieving institutional excellence according to the Baldridge Model of Excellence. The study recommended: Providing objective criteria for selecting those who have the entreprenewial characteristics to encourage workers to perform creatively that lead to development and progress in the Ministry of Labor, and this can be done through training programs that develop these characteristics. Focusing on the creativity and innovation of workers through holding seminars and meetings, discussing work-related issues and benefiting from their ideas and opinions. The study also recommended focusing on enhancing self-confidence, independence, responsibility, and love of achievement in work by developing human resources at the Ministry of Labor in a manner consistent with work developments.
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الآثار المترتبة على القوانين الإسرائيلية العنصرية والتمييزية ضد فلسطينيي الداخل (2018-2009)
(Al-Quds University, 2019-08-24) مصطفى خليل أحمد إبراهيم; Mustafa Khalil Ahmed Ibrahim
The study aimed to identify the historical motives and contexts of the racist and discriminatory laws against Palestinian citizens of Israel And to highlight the racist and discriminatory laws enacted by Israel to control the Palestinians, the effects of racist and discriminatory laws on targeting the Palestinian citizens of Israel to develop a proposed vision to strengthen the ability of the Palestinians in order to confront racist and discriminatory laws against them The study used the descriptive analytical approach and the historical approach to examine the phenomenon and to analyze it in order to express a way for understanding the relationship between this phenomenon and the others to be able to draw conclusions that deepen awareness of the nature of the reality and the development of its factors. In order to understand the phenomenon which the study examines to determine the nature of its origin, and the factors that led to its composition to help to understand the historical phenomenon in the present sense, and then to predict its future The study consisted of an introduction and four chapters: Chapter one introduced the theoretical framework, the study plan, terminology and previous studies The second chapter dealt with the historical motives and contexts of the racist and discriminatory laws against the Palestinian citizens of Israel The third chapter dealt with the racist and discriminatory laws enacted by Israel to control the Palestinians, the development of laws imposition and the most discriminatory racist laws Finally, chapter four discussed the effects of racist and discriminatory laws on targeting the Palestinians, Preventing them from civil and political rights, political persecution and proposed vision to strengthen the Palestinians capacity. The study also showed the racist nature of Israel, the relationship between it and the Palestinian citizens of Israel as an ethnic minority and its attempt to undermine the status of the Palestinians. And the ongoing Judaization policies based on settlement and racial discrimination. The study also showed the extent of the Palestinians society division and the lack of harmony with the absence of their representative national institutions under the absence of a future vision to confront racist and discriminatory policies which harm the Palestinians identity. The study concluded with some results, the most important are: Israel continues to pursue its discriminatory policies and undermine the status of a Palestinian inside with the enactment of more racist and discriminatory laws, As the law of nationalism states to deprive the Palestinians from their rights of citizenship, equality and the right of self-determination Therefore, there is no longer any possibility of retreating from the law because of the continued division and differences So the Palestinian situation should be revived by renewing future visions Which can lay the intellectual foundation and enable the Palestinian to achieve a historic reconciliation and highlight their Palestinian and their national history..
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The Consequences of the Hebron Protocol on Businesses The case of the old city of Hebron (H2 area)
(Al-Quds University, 2020-06-07) Munther Yahya Hamed Adhami; منذر يحيى حامد ادهمي
The importance of Hebron’s old city stims from its religious, cultural, and economic significance. Since the Israeli occupation, Hebron has been a contested place between the Palestinians and the Israelis. Palestinians of the old city have always suffered the consequences of the occupation and the presence of Israeli settlements within Palestinian neighbourhoods. In the aftermath of Oslo Accord (in 1993), a special agreement was developed for Hebron, the Hebron Protocol at a later stage (in 1997). The agreement resulted in dividing the city into two parts, with main religious, historical, and commercial venues kept under Israeli security control. The direct consequence of the protocol is segregation between H-1 and H-2, and fragmentation of the Israeli-controlled area (H-2). The agreement has granted the Israelis extra power that enabled them to isolate the old city through the imposition of harsh security measures, which severely isolated of the old city; therefore contributed significantly to cease of businesses and abandonment of many residences, and resulting restrictions on access to services and hindrance of natural growth. The main goal of the study is to diagnose main factors that contributed to the decline of businesses and investment concerning the terms of the Hebron Protocol. To achieve this, the study staged interviews and focus groups, in addition to a questionnaire distributed to the study sample, to explicitly illustrate the negative impact of the protocol on businesses from all of its dimensions. The main motivators for doing this thesis are: To demonstrate the weak terms of the agreement and highlight Israelis’ breach of the agreement terms and therefore demonstrate the consequences on businesses and investment in the old city. The study results concluded that the Protocol contributed to the isolation and segregation of the old city, decline in security and services, and therefore decline in businesses and investment, with severe economic losses for all economic sectors. Despite what the study showed about the existence of a relationship between the protocol and businesses, and lack of commitment of the Israelis to the terms of the Protocol resulted in security, economic, and social consequences, altogether pushed businesses and investment to abandon the area, it appears that this protocol gives way to the Israeli occupation to further control civic space in favour of Israeli settlements’ expansions, and hence impose their sovereignty over the old city. Such circumstances created a coercive environment and forced the majority of businesses and many residences to leave the area. This is reflected in a significant negative impact, not only on the demographic composition of the old city and on Palestinian businesses, but also all other sectors such as transportation, tourism, and services
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أثر جودة الحياة الوظيفية على جودة القرارات الإدارية في شركة الاتصالات الخلوية الفلسطينية جوال في قطاع غزة
(Al-Quds University, 2020-01-14) محمد عبد الله عبد الرحمن العفيفي; Mohammad Alafifi
هدفت هذه الدراسة بشكل رئيس إلى دراسة أثر جودة الحياة الوظيفية على جودة القرارات الإدارية في شركة الاتصالات الخلوية الفلسطينية "جوال" في قطاع غزة، وقام الباحث باستخدام المنهج: الوصفي التحليلي، والاستبانة كأداة في جمع البيانات الأولية، وقد بلغ حجم مجتمع الدراسة (168) موظف، وتم اتباع أسلوب الحصر الشامل في عملية توزيع الاستبانة، وتم استرداد (125) استبانة منها، بنسبة استرداد بلغت 74.4% من مجتمع الدراسة الأصلي. وقد أظهرت الدراسة عددا من النتائج أهمها: 1. وجود درجة موافقة كبيرة على محور جودة الحياة الوظيفية في شركة الاتصالات الخلوية "جوال" بوزن نسبي 67.8%. 2. وجود درجة موافقة كبيرة على محور جودة القرارات الإدارية في شركة الاتصالات الخلوية "جوال" بوزن نسبي 79.2%. 3. وجود أثر إيجابي لجودة الحياة الوظيفية على جودة القرارات الإدارية في شركة الاتصالات الخلوية "جوال". 4. وجود فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية بين متوسطات اجابات المبحوثين حول أثر جودة الحياة الوظيفية في شركة الاتصالات الخلوية الفلسطينية –جوال تعزى للمتغيرات الديمغرافية (العمر، المؤهل العلمي، المسمى الوظيفي، سنوات الخبرة). 5. وجود فروق ذات دلالة إحصائية بين متوسطات اجابات المبحوثين حول أثر جودة القرارات الإدارية في شركة الاتصالات الخلوية الفلسطينية –جوال تعزى للمتغيرات الديمغرافية (العمر، المؤهل العلمي، المسمى الوظيفي، سنوات الخبرة). كما قدمت الدراسة مجموعة من التوصيات أهمها: 1. ضرورة تعزيز الاهتمام بجودة الحياة الوظيفية حيث أكدت نتائج الدراسة أن تحسين جودة الحياة الوظيفية بدرجة واحدة سيؤدي إلى زيادة جودة القرارات الإدارية. 2. ضرورة الاعتماد على التغذية الراجعة لعملية مشاركة الموظفين في اتخاذ القرارات؛ لأن ذلك يعزز الأداء الإيجابي لدى الموظفين داخل الشركة ويزيد اهتمامهم بقديم آراء من شأنها أن تخدم أهداف الشركة. 3. ضرورة المحافظة على الخبرات والكفاءات الموجودة لديها ومنحهم الثقة بعدم إمكانية الاستغناء عنهم؛ لأن ذلك سيزيد من شعورهم بالأمان والاستقرار الوظيفي. 4. ضرورة الاهتمام بتقديم التسهيلات والبرامج التدريبية المساعدة لدعم وتطوير الموظفين. 5. ضرورة الاهتمام والتركيز على الأساليب المتبعة في عملية اتخاذ القرارات أن تكون أساليب علمية ومنهجية؛ لأن ذلك سيعمل على زيادة جودة القرارات المتخذة.
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أثر تطبيق مصفوفة التأهيل المجتمعي الدولية على الاداء المؤسسي للمؤسسات العاملة في ا لاعاقة بقطاع غزة
(Al-Quds University, 2020-12-10) حنين احمد عبد الله رزق (السماك); Haneen Ahmed Abdalla Rizik (AlSammak)
This study aims to investigate to what extent the matrix of International Community-Based Rehabilitation (ICBR) has been applied, and its effect on the Institutional performance to those are working on disability in the Gaza Strip as a result of the increase number of persons with disability(PWDs) and the motivation of (NGOs) to mainstream the persons of disability in the process of planning and implementation of programs. To achieve the aim of the study, the researcher used analytical- descriptive approach.The study population consists of 175 employees (M and F) who are working in the 35 organizations selected according to special criteria. The researcher used the comprehensive survey method and distributed the questionnaire for the organizations of the study population, and yielded 161 questioners at 92%. The study has concluded that there is a relation between the matrix of ICBR and the performance of organizations working on disability sector, and the results showed effectiveness of application of ICBR for the components of health, social, and empowerment, however, components of education and livelihood are found with less effect. Also, it was showed that there isn’t a statistical significance for the variables of personality and positions (e.g. gender, age, academic qualifications, number of employees, location of organization, there I a statistical significance for the applying ICBR-M. According to the results of this study, it is recommended for NGOs working on disability to consider ICBR as a reference base that would be of help in their strategic planning and programs, and sustaining following up the application of ICBP in a regular-base process of coordination, as well as limiting the duplication of services, participation of PWDs in lobbying and advocacy campaigns, adaptation of information resources, so that PWDs have an access to different services with less cost and reachable. The study focused on the importance of following-up and control of international and national funding opportunities, conducting regular related- researches and studies, empowering persons with disability, as well as activating the role of media that focusing on the success stories.