Browsing Vol 5 No.1 by Title
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- ItemA Retrospective Assessment of Drug Dose Adjustment and Drug-Drug Interaction (DDI) for Patients with Kidney Failure in Palestine Governmental Hospitals- Dialysis Department(Al-Quds University - Deanship of Scientific Research, 2023-05-16) Hadeel K. Salameh; Hussein HallakBackground: The study is conducted in order to assess both DDI and dose adjustment for patients with kidney failure. It’s a retrospective cross-sectional observational study. The data was collected from Palestine governmental hospitals, it included 101 patients, and contains the history of drugs prescribed during six months (between 1 August 2022, to 31 January 2023). The data was analyzed and the assessment of DDI and dose adjustment were done using official guidelines and references.
- ItemA Survey about Helicobacter Pylori Infection among Palestinians in Hebron(Al-Quds University - Deanship of Scientific Research, 2023-05-16) Ruba Awawdeh; Besan Abo-saif; Sara Fanoun; Rozan AttiliBackground: Helicobacter pylori is the most important cause for chronic or atrophic gastritis, peptic ulcer, gastric lymphoma and gastric carcinoma. It is a gram-negative spiral-shaped bacterium that affects up to 50% of the population worldwide, with a higher prevalence in developing or poor Countries.
- ItemAn Epidemiological Study of Wilson's Disease in Morocco(Al-Quds University - Deanship of Scientific Research, 2023-05-16) Nadia Abbassi; Azeddine Seddki; Nadra Lekouch; Sedki AzeddineObjectives: Wilson's disease is an autosomal recessive disorder that affects copper metabolism leading to copper accumulation in the liver, nervous system, and cornea. There is a lack of data regarding the epidemiological, clinical, laboratory, treatment and survival from Wilson's disease cohorts in Morocco. The aim of this study is to examine these features and the cause of death in a Moroccan population
- ItemAnalysis of the Relation between Israel's Law of Return and Palestinian Displacement in The Context of Decolonization(Al-Quds University - Deanship of Scientific Research, 2023-05-16) Malak Hassouneh; Danyah JaberBackground: The idea behind my project can be divided into two ideas that are related to each other. The aim of this research is to unpack how Israel's Law of Return cannot be enacted without the displacement of Palestinians. My argument expands beyond the borders of the topic of displaced Palestinians and refugees and Israeli settlers. It sheds light on what a potential decolonized Palestine would be like and how that future would look like for the settlers. Hence, my project brings the issues of postcolonial societies and transitional justice together to break down the legal relationship between the colonizer and the colonized in a decolonized reality.
- ItemAssessment of Nutritional Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices among Pediatric Oncology Caregivers Assessment of Nutritional Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices among Pediatric Oncology Caregivers(Al-Quds University - Deanship of Scientific Research, 2023-05-16) Karam Khaled; Rahaf Hamdan; Najah Isawi; Amna Abu Mfareh; Maha HusseiniBackground: Adequate nutrition in childhood is important for proper neurodevelopment, also it is important for the growth and development of the immune system by supporting it against illness and infections as well as increasing quality of life. Cancer rates are increasing worldwide, and the occurrence of this disease is affected by nutritional factors (diet, nutrition, and exercise). Poor nutritional knowledge, behavior, practices, and awareness of caregivers of children with cancer are disturbing. It has been found that nutritional knowledge might help these patients to adopt healthy eating patterns. In the Middle East generally and Palestine especially, there are few studies on this topic. The study aims to assess nutritional knowledge, practices, and behaviors among pediatric oncology caregivers in Augusta Victoria Hospital and Beit Jala Governmental Hospital.
- ItemAssessment of Palestinian Pharmacists Knowledge Concerning Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)(Al-Quds University - Deanship of Scientific Research, 2023-05-16) Haya Sobh; Aseel Mhana; Aseel Ghayadah; Rania GhanimBackground: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by decrease in kidney function. CKD is a public health problem with an increasing incidence and prevalence, poor outcomes and high cost.
- ItemAssessment of The Incidence of Paracetamol Poisoning and The Availability of Its Antidote N-Acetylcysteine (Nac) In Certain Hospitals in The Palestinian Occupied Areas and West Bank: A Cross Sectional Study(Al-Quds University - Deanship of Scientific Research, 2023-05-16) Duaa shibli; Baraah hassanien; Shireen Sharabati; Maisa NabulsiIntroduction: Analgesics are the most commonly prescribed medications in the world (1). Among them, Paracetamol is known to be not only highly dispensed but also, the safest pain killer for all patients regardless of their age (2). Despite the fact that it is safe and possesses a wide therapeutic window, still toxicity with Paracetamol is a global concern, for example , in USA, there are over 100,000 cases annually (3) , whereas in Israel , the substance that cause most of the poisoning cases is Paracetamol its over 1352 cases annually (6) (4). In Palestine, there is usually a lack of data, according to our knowledge, the latest research dated back to 2012(5).
- ItemAssociation between Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Adiposity Indicators in Adults from Qatar(Al-Quds University - Deanship of Scientific Research, 2023-05-16) Duaa Yousif; Nouran ElTantawi; Almaha Al-Jabri; Ahmed Badr; Zainab Nurulhaque; Yunes Haithm; Najlaa Al- Meraikhi; Tawanda Chivese; Giridhara Rathnaiah BabuBackground: Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is a chronic metabolic disease characterized by high peripheral glucose levels. The global prevalence of T2DM is expected to increase to 7079 individuals per 100,000 by 2030, indicating a significant public health concern . In Qatar, the prevalence of T2DM among adults was approximately 17% in 2019 , highlighting the need for studies regarding the changes in persons with T2DM to improve clinical assessment and management.
- ItemBarriers to Breast Cancer Screening in Arab Countries(Al-Quds University - Deanship of Scientific Research, 2023-05-16) Amani Alhamid; Hussein HallakBackground: Breast cancer is the most common cancer affecting women worldwide. In 2020, and according to WHO, about 2.3 million women were diagnosed with breast cancer(WHO, 26 March 2021). Moreover, the highest rate of cancer mortality in women is related to breast cancer (Sung et al., 2021). Breast cancer is considered to be a public health problem in developed and developing countries. Previous studies revealed that screening can reduce the mortality rate of breast cancer, which can be done by different approaches. Moreover, the number and deaths in developing countries are increasing rapidly, and about half of the deaths are presented in these countries due to: changes in risk factors, inadequate access to breast cancer screening and deficiency of treatment (Al-Azri M, 2020, Sun, 2017). This makes early detection or screening for breast cancer a health priority. However, participation in breast cancer screening in Arab countries are considered to be very low (Alatrash, 2020). The reason for this low participation has to be studied, especially that literature on breast cancer screening in these countries is quite scarce (Donnelly et al., 2013).
- ItemBreast Cancer Knowledge and Practice of Breast Self-Examination among Female Al-Quds University Students(Al-Quds University - Deanship of Scientific Research, 2023-05-16) Manal Al-Radayda; Mariam Khatib; Razan Rabaiaa; Hala Sabri; Asmaa Al-Deek; Ibrahim GhannamBackground: Among most nations throughout the world, breast cancer is the most frequently publicly detected malignancy in women. In order to increase women's awareness, and knowledge of their breast situation and aid in the early detection of any breast abnormalities, breast self-examination (BSE) is a beneficial screening technique. This is a study designed to evaluate the level of understanding of BC, and BSE among female university students. A self-administered questionnaire was employed to gauge knowledge of breast cancer and associated topics. The study involved 202 students, 32.8% of whom were from Health professions majors, and 14.9% among them had a history of breast cancer in their families. Nearly all of the students (98.5%) were already familiar with breast cancer, having learned about it from a variety of sources, including social media as a major source (91%), educational establishments (76.1%), and other sources. Good knowledge was found for some signs, symptoms (like a lump in the breast (94%)), and risk factors of breast cancer (like a family history of BC (88%)); however, average knowledge (59%) was found for techniques for early diagnosis and care, and the procedure for BSE and 49% know when to perform it, yet only 12.9% actually execute it on a regular basis. Not having breast issues was the most barrier to BSE practice (79.9%), followed by lack of knowledge (37.1%). To raise knowledge regarding BC and BCE use, a training program should be put into place.
- ItemCauses and Consequences of Overcrowding Inside Emergency Departments on Patients Care at Main Governmental Hospitals in Gaza Strip(Al-Quds University - Deanship of Scientific Research, 2023-05-16) Hasan K. H. Hamdan; Isam Awadallah; Ahmed M. Z. Eid; Khaled A. A. Siyam; Mohammed T. B. Abdalgafoor; Baraa M. A. Alasttal; Tayseer Jamal Afifi; Mosheer Safi Al-Dahdouh; Mustafa Ahmad Abu Jayyab; Ahmed M. Alghazali; Khamis ElessiBackground: The Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians [CAEP] and National Emergency Nurses Affiliation [NENA] defines Emergency department (ED) overcrowding as a situation in which the demand for emergency services exceeds the ability of physicians and nurses to provide quality care within a reasonable time.
- ItemCharacteristics and Outcomes of Patients Undergoing Gastroscopy in Al-Shifaa Hospital: A Cross-sectional Study(Al-Quds University - Deanship of Scientific Research, 2023-05-16) Mustafa Abu Jayyab; Hasan K. H. Hamdan; Ahmed M. Z. Eid; Khaled A. A. SiyamBackground: About 17 to 20 million endoscopy procedures including esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), flexible sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy are performed in the United States annually. The Association between patient demographics, clinical features and endoscopic outcomes are of paramount importance for a better understanding and practice of endoscopy.
- ItemChemotherapy Induced Liver & Kidney Complication in Hodgkin Lymphoma Patient in West Bank(Al-Quds University - Deanship of Scientific Research, 2023-05-16) Donia Khalid Tomizy; Manar Rouhe Alsharabate; Haneen Nur; Firas AlmahmuodBackground: Lymphomas are a type of cancer that affects the lymphatic system. It is caused by an accumulation of malignant lymphocytes in lymph nodes and other lymphoid tissues, which results in defining the clinical features of lymphadenopathy. Based on the histological presence of Reed-Sternberg cells in Hodgkin Lymphoma, it is generally divided into two categories: Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Hodgkin's lymphoma accounts for about 10% of all lymphomas, and the remaining 90% are referred to as NHL. According to the statistics of the Palestinian Ministry of Health for the year 2021, NHL and HL ranked the seventh and the ninth, respectively, among the most prevalent types of cancer in the West Bank. Although cytotoxic therapy prolongs the survival of patients with advanced and metastatic cancers, but there are significant drawbacks to this double-edged sword. Most of the drugs and foreign substances that enter the body have side effects, including chemotherapy, which shows several side effects on liver and kidneys, as both are responsible for the elimination of poisons, drugs, and endogenous metabolic products.
- ItemCurrent Updates in Gene Therapy for Multiple Sclerosis(Al-Quds University - Deanship of Scientific Research, 2023-05-16) Hossam Tharwat Ali; Haya Mohamed; Yara Ashour; Idris Sula; Ahmed Elrefaey; Mennatullah Mohamed Eltaras; Mostafa MeshrefBackground: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common demyelinating disease affecting predominantly young adults. The underlying pathogenesis isn’t fully understood although autoimmune attacks against proteins in the CNS is the most accepted theory. Oligodendrocytes seem to be the most involved resulting in demyelinated axons. Currently, the management of MS focuses on relieving symptoms during acute attacks and preventing disease progression using disease-odifying agents such as interferon-beta, dimethyl fumarate, natalizumab, and fingolimod. Studies have proven long-term improvement on these drugs. However, possible side effects and curatively inducing or improving the repair process are major challenges.
- ItemDoes Endovascular Duration Impact Clinical Outcomes in Aortic Arch Repair? The RELAYTM Branched International Stance(Al-Quds University - Deanship of Scientific Research, 2023-05-16) Abedalaziz Omar Surkhi; Sven Z. C. P. Tan; Matti Jubouri; Damian M. Bailey; Ian M. Williams; Mohamad BashirBackground: The high mortality and morbidity rates in surgical aortic arch repair are a barrier to therapy for a considerable proportion of patients with aortic arch aneurysm or dissection. There is hence a demand for the development and adoption of a minimally invasive alternative to aortic arch repair, such as thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). Procedural duration is a key factor in the pathogenesis of complications in surgical aortic arch repair.
- ItemForced Displacement in Al Araqib Village: As a Case study of the Vulnerability of Palestinian Bedouins to Forced Displacement(Al-Quds University - Deanship of Scientific Research, 2023-05-16) Sabreen Hajahja; Dania JaberObjectives: 1- exploring the pretexts of forced displacement of Palestinian Bedouins. 2- investigating the foundations of Israeli strategies within the framework of settler colonialism. 3- examining the impact of recognizing the Bedouins as indigenous population on their situation.
- ItemIdentification of Pathogenic Contamination of Shared Cosmetic Preparations and Tools(Al-Quds University - Deanship of Scientific Research, 2023-05-16) Mays Maraqa; Sundus Abu Afefeh; Loay Al-Natsheh; Zaid Joulani; Seema FallahBackground: Women tend to share cosmetics and makeup tools on the personal level and in beauty salons and centers. Despite the antimicrobial and preservative content present in cosmetic preparations and tools in addition to well-presented expiry, several studies confirmed various microbial growth in opened and used cosmetic preparations and tools. This is essential to raise awareness about the pathological impact of sharing cosmetic preparations and tools on the health of Palestinian women.
- ItemIndications, Characteristics, Findings & Recommendation of Patients Undergoing ERCP in Al Shefa Hospital(Al-Quds University - Deanship of Scientific Research, 2023-05-16) Mustafa Abu Jayyab; Mustafa A. Abu Jayyab; Hasan K. H. Hamdan; Ahmed M. Z. Eid; Khaled A. A. Siyam; Moshee Al-Dahdouh; Tayseer Jamal Afifi; Khamis ElessiBackground: Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a highly specialized procedure that combines diagnostic and therapeutic capabilities. ERCP allows physicians to examine the biliary tract, pancreas, and gallbladder by using a flexible endoscope equipped with a tiny camera and contrast dye. ERCP is frequently used to diagnose and treat various conditions, such as gallstones, pancreatitis, bile duct obstruction, and certain cancers. During the procedure, the physician can remove obstructions, take tissue samples for further testing, and place stents to keep the bile duct open. The procedure is performed by a highly trained gastroenterologist in a hospital or specialized center equipped with the necessary tools and equipment. While ERCP is generally safe, it does carry a higher risk of complications, such as pancreatitis, bleeding, or infection. Patients who undergo ERCP will need to fast for several hours before the procedure and will receive sedation to help them relax during the examination. Following the procedure, patients may experience mild discomfort or bloating, but these symptoms typically subside within a few days. ERCP is a crucial tool in the diagnosis and treatment of many gastrointestinal conditions, and if recommended by your physician, it is important to carefully follow all pre- and post-procedure instructions to ensure the best possible outcome.
- ItemKnowledge and Attitude Toward Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation among Al-Quds University Students(Al-Quds University - Deanship of Scientific Research, 2023-05-16) Bayan Izhiman; Zainab Qasem; Duha Eid; Raghad Tamimi; Ibrahim GhannamBackground: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a life-saving procedure for individuals suffering from sickle cell anemia, hematologic malignancies, and immunological disorders. However, the probability of finding a well-matched donor within the family ranges between 25% and 30%. The best donor is a fully matched human leukocyte antigen (HLA) sibling. For other patients who do not have a matched family member, transplantation from an unrelated volunteer donor may be an option.