- Itemصفقات تبادل الأسرى الفلسطينية الإسرائيلية (صفقة 1985 – صفقة 2011)"دراسة مقارنة"(Al-Quds University, 2019-12-11) أسامة معين حمدي مرتجى; Osama Moaen Hamdi MortagaThe aim of the study was to review the history of Palestinian-Israeli deals from 1968 to 2011, where tens of thousands of Palestinian prisoners were released from Israeli jails, either by peaceful means through peaceful negotiations, or by capturing Israeli soldiers in order to exchange them for Palestinian prisoners that Israel refuses to release under false pretenses. In this study, all regional political aspects and the salient findings for each deal have been identified, focusing on the 1985 and 2011 deals The study was based on the comparative study method, the descriptive analytical method and the historical approach by employing events and occurrences of the past to enrich it, and promote the related issues raised through it. The study comprised an introduction, five chapters and a conclusion. Chapter I dealt with the theoretical framework, the study plan, the main terminology used and highlighted the earlier studies. Chapter II dealt with a historical overview of the Captive National Movement in terms of formation and a review of the history of Palestinian-Israeli exchange deals. Chapter III dealt with an overview of the 1985 deal, known as the Galil deal, reviewed the local and regional environment that surrounded the deal, the main Palestinian, Israeli and Arab positions on the deal and the most notable results of the 1895 deal. Chapter IV dealt with an overview of the 2011 deal, known as the Shalit deal, reviewed the local and regional environment that surrounded the deal, the main international, Israeli and Arab positions on the deal and the main results of the 2011 deal. Finally, Chapter V dealt with the comparison between the Galilee and Shalit deals from all political, military and security aspects, and reviewed the key results and gaps that surrounded both the deals. The study also indicated that the issue of prisoners is a national consensus issue, and all factions are working by all peaceful and armed means to release Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails. The study also showed that the Palestinian negotiator would be stronger if there was a popular foster and an armed foster that imposes its conditions on the table. As well as breaking many of the norms of Israeli prevention on the release of prisoners designated by Israel as blood on their hands or prisoners of Jerusalem and the 1948 Palestinians. The study concluded with many results, the most significant of which are: the Palestinian factions managed, despite all odds, to release a large group of prisoners whom Israel refuses to release, most of those who were freed in both the deals were leaders of the national and Islamic action, and that the Israeli occupier only understands the language of force to achieve the demands and issues of our Palestinian people. And that there is great popular unity about the issue of prisoners, despite the ultimate price that our people paid in return for holding the Israeli prisoners. Finally, the international community seriously acted because of the Israeli pressure to release the Israeli prisoners held by the Palestinian factions.
- Itemالسجون والمعتقلات الإسرائيلية وآثارها الاجتماعية على الأسرى الفلسطينيين وأهاليهم(Al-Quds University, 2020-12-21) زياد علي حسن القواسمه; Ziad Ali Hasan AlqawasmiThis research aimed to identify some of the social impacts of the Israeli prisons and detention centres (detention centers are administered by the Israeli army while prisons are administered by the prison authorities) on the Palestinian prisoners/detainees and their families. It also explored the architecture of these prisons and detention centres, how they manifest colonial knowledge of subjugation, and how these eventually impact the Palestinian prisoners’/detainees’ relations with their families. The study also analyzed the Palestinian prisoners’/detainees’ lives inside the Israeli prisons and detention centres, and methods they developed to reduce the impact of imprisonment on themselves and their family members. The researcher utilized some of the ideas and concepts of Patrick Wolfe and Michel Foucault regarding settler colonialism and the formation and function of prisons within the colonial context. These were merged to inform about the Palestinian situation as manifested in Israeli prisons and detention centers, and their social impact on the Palestinian prisoners/detainees and their families. The research give an overview of the emergence of a Palestinian prisoners’ society within the Israeli prisons and detention centers (the Palestinian Detainees’ Movement) and identified the most important bodies within that society as well its various social relations and the social groups. The study covered the stages in which the prisoners/detainees developed methods to break the forced isolation imposed upon them by cutting them off from their families and their broader community. One of the main steps was the phenomenon of “distant insemination” whereby a prisoner/detainee is able to have his sperm smuggled out to reach his wife who in turn undergoes artificial insemination - this enables the couple to have a family with children despite being apart. Other steps included smuggling cell phones to the incarcerated, and acquiring education and academic degrees during imprisonment and detention. The research refers to (Durkheim’s theory of) social solidarity and the theory of perceptual disorders to understand how the Palestinian Detainees’ Movement confronted the social effects of incarceration upon them and their families. The main research problem the research addressed was to analyze the negative impact of the policies and practices of the Israeli prison/detention administrations on the Palestinian prisoners/detainees and their families. The study adopted two analytical methods – the quantitative and qualitative (described above); it also utilized historical analysis. The quantitative aspect of the research entailed data collected through 143 questionnaires distributed among incarcerated prisoners/detainees; this in addition to three interviews that were conducted: one with a Palestinian prisoner in prison, and another two with Palestinian officials involved in prisoners’ affairs. Furthermore, the researcher’s own personal experience provided additional insight into the research given that he spent over 17 years in Israeli prisons and detention centers. The most important outcomes of the research were: Israeli prisons and detention centers constitute an important apparatus of Israeli settler-colonization to isolate Palestinians who counter their policies to subjugate them while usurping their land. Insight is provided about the architecture design and technical set-up of the Israeli prisons and detention centers, in addition to their internal-systems and regulations over the prisoners/detainees targeting their being, their consciousness, and their spirit – these impact the prisoners/detainees and their families socially particularly as they are isolated from their families and larger community. The study also found that the prisoners/detainees inside the Israeli prisons and detention centers succeeded in establishing their own society to address the social effects of incarceration upon them and their families. Official and unofficial Palestinian institutions have worked in solidarity with the prisoners and detainees to support them in confronting the negative effects of their incarceration upon them and their families. The researcher found that the Palestinian internal factional divisions negatively impacted the effectiveness of countering the effects of incarceration and weakened the strength of the prisoners' community inside the prisons and detention centers. The main outcomes of the research were: Israeli prisons and detentions centers are an important apparatus of Israeli colonization of Palestinian land. Furthermore, the architecture of the prisons and detention centers as well as the systems and regulations therein, constantly monitor the prisoners and detainees targeting their being, conscience and spirit; these have significant impact on the prisoners/detainees and their families. These effects increase as their isolation is increased from family and community. The study also shows that the Palestinian prisoners/detainees inside the Israeli prisons and detention centers were able to establish their own society, which has countered the effects upon them and their families. Palestinian official and unofficial organizations have helped the prisoners/detainees by defending their rights and by providing assistance to their families. However, the research shows that the Palestinian division has impacted negatively upon the prisoners/detainees and their achievements inside the prisons and detention centers, weakening the prisoners’ society. The main recommendations the researcher provides are: the need to develop Palestinian policies that dismantle the settler-colonial thought and practices manifested in Israeli prisons and detention centers, and to go beyond merely describing violations. The researcher also emphasized the need to support the Palestinian Detainees’ Movement in multiple ways as it represents the cornerstone for facing Israeli policies inside the prisons and detention centers; it is also necessary to include Palestinian prisoners/detainees in the Palestinian leadership. The researcher also recommended to support the prisoners/detainees in their steps: to resist the effects of the Israeli prisons and detention centers upon them and their families, to support the process of “distant insemination” as a way to overcome social isolation, to develop academic education in the prisons and detention centers, to make Israeli authorities install public telephones inside the prison sections, and to support the Palestinian Detainees’ Movement in countering the Israeli prison and detention authorizes. Furthermore, the researcher recommended to spare the prisoners/detainees from the Palestinian factional political rivalry and division, and to develop in unity an effective mechanism for prisoners’ release. A final recommendation was to conduct further research and studies covering the various aspects of this topic as a way of giving it the attention it deserves in the academic domain.
- Itemمفهوم الترانسفير في الفكر الصهيونب بعد قبام اسرائيل (1948-2007)(Al-Quds University, 2008-08-12) كمال محمد عبد القادر حمدان; Kamal HamdanThis study deals with the concept of transfer and deporting the Palestinians in the Zionist thought between the years 1948 - 2007, and offered the most important Zionist's plans and projects , and ways of it's embodiment in the Zionist laws and in the governmental and political parties programs, and discussed the Zionist interpretations and excuses of it's implementation. The researcher found, in the light of modern Zionist's plans of populations exchange, that most of the Arabic literatures focused on the deporting process in 1948, and monitored a lack of attention to this concept after 1948. He used several writings in Arabic and Hebrew for this purpose. The historical approach was used by reviewing the development of the Zionist ideas and the analytical method was used in analyzing the transfer dimensions and their repercussions. The (K.A.P) method was also used to investigate the concept when it was an idea in the Zionist conscious, till it became an attitude, then reflected in the Zionist plans, laws, and practices. The most important results are: the depth of the concept of transfer in the Zionist awareness, thought and culture. Transfer had enrooted in the Zionist public proposals, laws and in their expansionist strategies. The researcher concluded that the Zionists took demography as a vehicle in implementing the transfer. Also, all the Zionist's mainstream trends have opposed the refugees' right of return which keeps Israel as sole Jewish State despite their allegations of democracy. They practiced the discrimination policies, continued the transfer plans after 1948 in the form of expulsion and resettlement plans of the Palestinians on systematic bases. The researcher recommended the establishing and developing of research centers to expose the Zionist extremism, and to reveal the risks of the recent ideas of population and the lands swaps, and to work against the ignorance and denying the right of return. The educational curricula should stress the importance of the right of return and the transfer issues and promote the refugees programs, activities and support their institutions.
- Itemالقدس في الفكر الصهيوني اليميني المتدين وسياسات السيطرة والتهويد للمدينة (1996-2017)(AL-Quds University, 2018-08-13) وسيله باسم عبد العزيز عريقات; wasila basem abdlaziz iriqat; رولا هردل; د. عوض منصور; د. أحمد ابودية
- Itemمقاطعة إسرائيل من الداخل: رفض الخدمة العسكرية نموذجاً(AL-Quds University, 2018-08-01) ميرا مكرم جميل قمصية; MIRA MAKRAM JAMIL QUMSIEH; أوري ديفيس; عوض منصور; أحمد أبودية