استخدام مناهضة السامية كتهمة لمنع انتقاد ممارسات إسرائيل بحق الفلسطينيين 2000-2013
خلدون باجس ذيب ابوخطاب
KHALDOUN B D ABUKHATTAB
One of the minimum requirements of democracy demands that the political systems accept criticism, and respond when criticized in democratic manner. Israel and its supporters - notably the Zionist organizations - deal with criticism of the Israeli Occupation and the racist practices towards the 1948 and 1967 Palestinians, in belligerent manner. Israel and its supporters deals with the criticism of these practices in a very sensitive, and even aggressive way, to the extent of accusing the critics being anti-Semites, who hate Jews as a racial or religious group. This study seeks to reveal how Israel and the Zionist organizations suppress critics of Israel's practices and policies in the 1967 Israeli Occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip, and in the lands occupied and ethnically cleansed by Israel in 1948 from the year 2000 (the outbreak of the second Palestinian intifada up to the present. The study reveals that the working definition of anti-Semitism, which Zionist Organizations depend on in their attempts to suppress the critics of Israel, is not a recognized document and has no legal value. European Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) that worked on putting this definition between 2003- 2005 clarified that the definition is a historical non-legal document. FRA confirmed that they never called the Member States of the European Union to adopt the definition and to use it as a basis for defining which practices are to be considered anti-Semitic. Despite the above mentioned facts several Zionist Organizations are still using this definition by claiming that it is a legal document recognized by the European Union, as well as by pointing out that the United States uses this definition in some of its laws. The researcher recommends that Palestinian political leaders and all activists working in solidarity with Palestinian rights publicize the findings of this study exposing the false claims of Israel's apologists to the effect that the working definition of anti-Semitism is adopted by the EU and its member states as a legal standard to be used as a basis for defining which practices are to be considered anti-Semitic. Moreover, the researcher recommends that the legal implications of the findings of this study be examined in order to develop further legal advantages of the facts revealed in this study to fortify the defense of Palestinian rights. Additionally, the researcher recommends publicizing the General Policy Recommendation (GPR) of the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) that specify the anti-Semitic acts to be considered criminal offences. These recommendations do not support the claim that criticizing Israel or calling to boycott it form anti-Semitic acts. Finally, the researcher also urges Palestinian activists working on the legal level to study the lawsuits won by Israel critics and by the Campaign of Boycotts, Divestment and Sanctions Against Israel (BDS), in order to advance the legal advantages gained as a basis for expanded legal struggle. In conclusion, the researcher recommends that anti-occupation activists work with their Jewish counterparts throughout the world in defense of the Palestinian rights with the view to spreading the position that criticism of Israel, and the calls for boycotting Israel represent legitimate resistance, and have nothing to do with anti-Semitism. What is more, that attempts to connect the right to criticize Israel with anti-Semitism, represent an attempt to provoke religious disputes to suppress the critics of Israel practices as occupation force.
الدراسات الاقليمية , Regional Studies