التنمر وعلاقته بتوكيد الذات لدى طلبة المرحلة الأساسية العليا في مدينة الخليل
عواد عبد الفتاح عودة عليان
Awwad Abd alftth Odah Elayyan
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between bullying and self-assertiveness among upper elementry school students in Hebron, as well as to identify the most common bullying patterns in the school, the level of selfassertiveness and school bullying in both sexes (male-female). In order to achieve the objectives of the study, the descriptive correlative approach was adopted through the use of two measures: the self-assertiveness measure of Shawqi which consists of (28) paragraph or item, and the measure of bullying behavior of Desouki, which consists of (20) paragraph or item. These measures were applied to a sample of (400) students, including (215) males and (185) females during the academic year (2018-2019). In order to analyze the data, statistical package of social sciences (SPSS) was used to calculate correlation coefficient, standard deviation, arithmetic mean and significant differences. The study found that there was a statistically significant correlation between bullying and self-effictiveness among upper elementry school students in Hebron; there were also statistically significant differences in the level of bullying attributed to the gender, academic achievement and unsatisfactory achievement in favor of males. The study also revealed that there were no statistically significant differences in the level of bullying among upper elementry school students due to the type of school, birth order in the family and place of residence. On the other hand, the results showed a statistically significant differences in the level of self-effectiveness attributed to gender, academic achievement and birth order in the family, respectively. Whereas for the variables type of school and place of residence, no statistically significant differences were detected in the level of self-effectiveness. The researcher recommended conducting counseling programs for males to alleviate their bullying, and developing awareness programs regarding bullying and selfeffectiveness for those with unsatisfactory achievement.