Copper selenide film electrodes prepared by combined electrochemical/chemical bath depositions with high photo-electrochemical conversion efficiency and stability
Kim, Tae Woo
Helal, Mohammed H.S.
Hilal, Hikmat S.
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Copper selenide (of the type Cu2-xSe) film electrodes, prepared by combined electrochemical (ECD) followed by chemical bath deposition (CBD), may yield high photo-electrochemical (PEC) conversion efficiency (~14.6%) with no further treatment. The new ECD/CBD-copper selenide film electrodes show enhanced PEC characteristics and exhibit high stability under PEC conditions, compared to the ECD or the CBD films deposited separately. The electrodes combine the advantages of both ECD-copper selenide electrodes (in terms of good adherence to FTO surface and high surface uniformity) and CBD-copper selenide electrodes (suitable film thickness). Effect of annealing temperature, on the ECD/CBD film electrode composition and efficiency, is discussed.