- ItemDigital intervention for public health: searching for implementing characteristics, concepts and recommendations: scoping review(2023-09-18) Hatem H. Alsaqqa; Abdallah AlwawiStudying the impact of digital interventions on public health can help ensure that the offered services produce the desired results. In order to address these factors, the subsequent study uses a scope review to evaluate the state of the field while concentrating on ideas and suggestions that represent factors that have been crucial in the management of digital intervention for public health. To shed light on the traits, ideas and suggestions related to public health digital intervention, a scoping review was carried out. Five electronic databases were used to locate pertinent research that were published before February 2022. All texts were examined, and study abstracts were scrutinized to determine their eligibility. The last analysis of this study included fifteen publications; five reviews, four qualitative studies, two quantitative studies, one viewpoint study, one mixed-method study, one perspective study, and one interventional study. The key ideas for digital interventions in population management and health studies are presented in this overview. Many concepts, implementation characteristics and recommendations have been raised which highlight the future role of these interventions to enhance public engagement and health equity.
- ItemThe Implementation of a Smart Home Security Network Using Internet of Things (IoT) System(Springer, Singapore, 2023-01-25) Alaa M. Odeh; Isam IshaqOne of the foremost concerns for each family is to keep their home secure and safe for living. And perhaps this is what we keep thinking about all day. For this reason, this paper introduces a designed Internet of Things (IoT) home security system. The proposed work contains three main circuits. Each contains a sensor and an actuator that work based on the data received by the sensor. These three circuits are a temperature monitoring circuit to monitor the temperature of a room and activate the fan when needed, a gas and smoke detection circuit to monitor gas leakage and notify when gas or smoke is detected, and a touch detection circuit to secure home from robbery and unauthorized entry. All these circuits are connected to an ESP32 controller which controls their working and sends continuous sensors’ readings to the ThingSpeak cloud. The paper presents a complete hardware and software description of the system. In addition to some security settings to ensure secure data transmission and reception.
- ItemIoT Smart Irrigation System for Precision Agriculture(Springer, Singapore, 2023-01-25) Jawad Awawda; Isam IshaqAgriculture is one of the main sources of income in the economy. One of the key components in an agriculture system is its irrigation system. The efficiency and practicality of the irrigation system will have a direct impact on crops yield. One of the main challenges for an irrigation system is water scarcity. Another challenge is time, based on the used irrigation system, the task of watering the field could be labor-intensive and time-consuming. To maximize crop yield, farmers must practice precision agriculture, and that is another challenge. A smart irrigation system is part of the solution to practice precision agriculture and thereby getting the most from what resources are available. This paper presents a smart irrigation system that addresses the three mentioned challenges to pave the way for a solution to precision agriculture. The system will measure the water tank levels, soil moisture, humidity, temperature, and rain levels and will fetch the weather forecast for temperature and rain levels, and using its algorithm, it will decide when to start the irrigation process and for how long. The system will provide the farmers with a web portal that contains the system status that’s includes water tank level, water pump status, weather forecast, and sensors measurements.
- ItemIntraspinal lymphangioma of the lumbar spine confused with spinal synovial Cyst: A case report(Science Direct, 2023-01-16) Oadi N. Shrateh; Mohammed Ayyad; Hashem Khdour; Sa’d Sulaiman; Mohand Abulihya; Mohammad Sweity; Nazeeh Abu-DayyahIntroduction: Lymphangiomas are benign tumors that result from the aberrant proliferation of lymphatic vessels. Although they are common in the head and neck, they can occur anywhere. Intraspinal lymphangiomas, however, are extremely rare, with only a few relevant cases have been reported in the literature. Herein, we present a case of intraspinal lymphangioma confused with a spinal synovial cyst in an 80-year-old male. Case Presentation: An 80-year-old male patient presented with severe lower back pain of 3-month duration radiating to the lower limbs. An MRI of the lumbar spine was done and showed a large right intra-spinal extradural cystic structure causing severe compression on the nerve roots. The imaging was suggestive of a spinal synovial cyst, and the patient was referred to orthopedic surgery for synovial cyst excision. The total resection of the mass was done successfully. Histopathologic examination revealed spinal lymphangioma. Postoperative evaluation showed stable vital signs, normal physical exam findings, and marked improvement of the patient’s lower back and radicular pain. He was followed up for 3 months without any reported complications or adverse events. Discussion: Due to the wide spectrum of pre-operative differential diagnoses for lymphangiomas, a definite preoperative diagnosis is extremely difficult; thus, histopathologic assessment is the sole specific method for their diagnosis. Conclusion: This case demonstrates how spinal synovial cysts are an important differential for lymphangiomas in patients presenting with intraspinal extradural lesions.
- ItemThe Impact of COVID-19 on Infection Control Measures in Dental Settings: A Cross-Sectional Study(MDPI, 2023-08-04) Yasmeen Wahdan; Ghassan Habash; Elham Kateeb; Raed Junaidy; Soher Nagi JayashThe COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on every aspect of life, especially for healthcare professionals. Dentists are the most at risk of infection due to close contact with patients. This study aimed to assess the level of awareness, perception, and attitude of Palestinian dentists towards COVID-19 and infection control. A cross-sectional online survey was conducted from 17–30 July 2020, and 349 dentists from the West Bank participated. The survey assessed demographic variables, participation in infection control training, prevention methods used in dental clinics, patient preparation for dental work, cross-infection control and sterilization before and after the pandemic, and sources for guideline protocols for dental workers. The results of the study showed that 54 (14.4%) dentists had received training in infection control in dentistry and 121 (34.3%) had attended training specifically regarding COVID-19. During a partial lockdown, 60% of dentists treated only urgent cases. Overall, the dentists in the West Bank demonstrated good knowledge and a positive attitude towards COVID-19 and infection control measures in dental clinics, as there were significant differences between replacing a medical apron or mask and wearing a face shield, cover shoes, head cap, and goggles before and after COVID (p < 0.05). Moreover, there were significant differences between wrapping the chair and using purification devices to disinfect the clinic before and after COVID (p < 0.05). However, dentists’ knowledge could be improved by increasing their accessibility to materials and provided training. Dental associations should provide guidelines regularly to dentists during a crisis to inform them of best practices and disease management. In conclusion, dentists need to update their knowledge, continuing education and training to guarantee the proper handling of COVID-19. The study’s findings show the importance of updating infection control protocols and training programs that address the specific needs and challenges faced by dentists in the West Bank.