MiR-16-1* and miR-16-2* possess strong tumor suppressive and anti-metastatic properties in osteosarcoma
Maximov, Vadim V.
Aqeilan, Rami I.
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Osteosarcoma (OS) is an aggressive malignancy affecting mostly children and adolescents. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in OS development and progression. Here we found that miR-16-1* and miR-16-2* “passenger” strands as well as the “lead” miR-16 strand possess strong tumor suppressive functions in human OS. We report different although strongly overlapping functions for miR-16-1* and miR-16-2* in OS cells. Ectopic expression of these miRNAs affected primary tumor growth, metastasis seeding, and chemoresistance and invasiveness of human OS cells. Loss-of-function experiments verified tumor suppressive functions of these miRNAs at endogenous levels of expression. Using RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assays, we identify direct targets of miR-16-1* and miR-16-2* in OS cells. Furthermore, validation experiments identified FGFR2 as a direct target for miR-16-1* and miR-16-2*. Overall, our findings underscore the importance of passenger strand miRNAs in osteosarcomagenesis.