العنوان في شعر يوسف العظم ؛ دراسة سيميائيّة
Titles in Yousif Al Athm; a Semiotic Study
مصطفى حسن أحمد راضي
Mustafa Hassan Ahmad Radi
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Using methodologies, modern critical researches have been able to strike the foundation of traditional critical approaches and practices. It has been also able to give alternative new methodologies therefore the student has chosen "semiotics" as an alternate methodology for the traditional ones, which helps in developing semiotics as a modern Arabic approach that differs from the one being used in the West . The title of the study is"Titles in Yousif Al Athm; a Semiotic Study". Semiotics is a critical approach that studies signs, symbols and sign and signified.The title indicates to the brilliancy of correspondent and the recipient as it shows high lingual efficiency. The study includes nine Divans of poetry , three hundred and two titles all taken from Yousif Al Athm poetry. The choice of his poetry is not random one, on the contrary, it is based on several aspects as: the variety of his titles , structures and style of sentences used on them . The multiple meanings of one of the titles is another reason as well. I also wanted to exhibit the validity of semiotic approach for the titles of a poet who usually stick with the traditional methods. Al Athm poetry hold immense religious , national and humanitarian value; What makes it more attractive for the reader is Jerusalem and Al Aqsa mosque as he indicates to their imprisoned homeland, Palestine . The study has both theoretical and applied dimensions. In the second one , we have all the titles with comprehensive study and analysis. We have also simplified the critical discourse in order to fit the Arabic reader. The study also tries to vary the point of views by using a semiotic approach by standing on different manifestation of the results as well as making sure of hypothesis we have put in the revision and analysis process. The approach which used in this study is the semiotic approach in the three chapters . One of the most important results this study has attained that semiotics can be traced back in old Arabic scripts. Even though the name of approaches might differ; semiotics is extremely connected to the rhetoric of Arabic language. The study reveals major aspects related to the title, Firstly, it has revealed the purposes and technical correlation of contextual phenomena such as proffer, delay, omitting , confirmation , negation and repetition. It also reveals the various themes of one title, which shows it as a modern literary accomplishment, as well as the importance of semiotics modern criticism . However , it should be noted that semiotic is a modern approach that has its distinctive features and schemas in dealing with literary texts .