رعاية المسنين في اإلسالم مع دراسة ميدانية لدور المسنين في منطقة وسط الضفة الغربية
غانم غالب عبد المحسن غانم
Ghanem Ghaleb Abdul-Mohsen Ghanem
This study focuses on old people and what care and attention Islam has given to this section of the society. The researcher divides this study into two sections: The theoretic section: This section deals with the concept of old age from language and terminology aspects, some changes which affect an old person, old people in The Holy Quran and Sunnah, and the extent of care given to the old by Islam in comparison with some Western countries. The practical section: The researcher has visited some old peoples' homes in the Governorates of Jerusalem, Ramallah and Al-Bireh, and Bethlehem. He has seen directly what care and attention the old in these homes receive. It did not suffice him to get information about these homes from those in charge. So he referred to the old themselves. The researcher found clear juristic offences there and did his best to find what Islamic Shari'a says in these respects in correspondence with Moslem legislators studies and fatawis. This study aims at showing how Islam cares for the old, explaining the relevant verses of the Holy Koran and the Prophet's Traditions, and the bases on which the homes of the old in Islam are established. The study also exposes to us some scenes from the lives of these old people in the homes he has visited the kind of treatment they are given whether it is proper or improper. The researcher follows the descriptive method guided by the Holy Quran, books on Sunnah, books of renowned religious leaders of schools of faith, and others. Besides, the researcher takes all care to authenticate his work, the Prophet's Traditions and biographies in footnotes. He also takes good care to include only correct Traditions, interpret all exotic vocabularies wherever they occur. The findings of this study include most importantly of all the fact that the long span of one's lifeline by itself is a bliss that God grants to whomever He chooses so that he may repent if he has been a wrong doer, and likewise increase his good deeds if he has been a good doer. The study stresses that a specific age for being old has not been agreed upon by scientists though earthly rules roughly define sixty-five for being an old person. Furthermore, the study contrasts the look of the UN and Islam towards old age. While the UN considers it a big problem that faces the world, Islam calls for respect and regard of old people. It also shows that our Palestinian society denounces sending the old to old people's homes as Islam has some legislations relevant to this stage.