المعيقات التطويرية للمخططات الهيكلية الحالية للتجمعات السكانية في محافظة الخليل حالة دراسية "بلدة سعير"
نافذ ابراهيم موسى مناع
Nafeth Ibrahim Mousa Mana'
This study dealt with the development obstacles that faced the master plans for residintal localities at Hebron Governarate, and concentrate at Sai’ir town as a case study. This subject has been concedered as an important subject, where the study area in general was suffuring long time ago from the absence and lack of impirical and modified master plans. Accordingly, the town till present suffuring from many difficulties comes from lack of infrastructure services and facilities as well as from unsutable traffic net within the town boundaries. It becomes clear that the absence of sutabil master plan for the town and many other a like in the region are the reason of problems facing residents on daily baises. More over it was clear the effect of new and modified master plan absence on the current situation of the wide sprid of buildings and road irregularities at the twon present master plan. The aim of this study is to identify factors influencing land use in the study area, and to focus on problems that affect the current town master plan. It also aims to identify changes that have occurred in the study area, especially in the uses of the residential land, and the development of the road network and transport. It Also concedered changes that accured in different land uses and finally aims to the disadvantages that impede development and affect the flow of the scheme, and connect those uses in the town planning levels. To achieve the previous objectives, the study adopted the analytical descriptive method to identify the general characteristics of the study area and its structural plan since 1999, till 2018. This method was adapted also to understand the factors that influenced the patterns of land use within the town boundaries during the mentioned period. To Achieve this two aerial photographs of Sai,ir town, was analysed . It related to the date 1999 and n 2018. The two arial photographs was analysed to find the percentages of land use changes between the dates of the photos. The data and information collected by the researcher in the field and through interviews with specialists in Sa'ir Municipality were also used to clarify the change in usage patterns, causes and effects. To illustrate the results of the study, the researcher used geographic research techniques in drawing the necessary geographical sections and maps. After analyzing the data gathered and analysed from the defferent sourses , it was then clear and easy to present the results in tables and figures . the changes percentage in land use was calculated for different types of land use within the master plan boundaries. Study resuls shows that changes in land use classified for residential housing in area A was rised from 11.9% in 1999 to 19.8% 2018. The study showed that the area of the old town despite that its small area also building in this area was changed by 27%,. More over in addition to the irregularities and illegal violations of building in agricultural land was estimated at about 13%. At the saim time changes in craft area was reached to 21%. The changes in land use for roads reached to 7.2%. The study showed the impact of natural and human factors in reducing the construction of some of the proposed methods because of the decline of the land and political conditions imposed. The study also showed the weak application of the law in the organization of construction and the emergence of random construction in agricultural land and roads. The study recommended that in order to solve land use probles there is a very argent need to modify the master plan and to expand it as well as to propose and construct a new road and street plan. It suggestes that land use problems must be addressed in a new master plan to the town. It also recommended that periodical maintenance must be taken to road network and finally to work hardly to built sewage system in the town . These actions must be taken to face the high percentage of population increase in the area.