التخطيط الاستراتيجي لقطاع السياحة التراثية في فلسطين باستخدام نظم المعلومات الجغرافية (GIS) : قرى الكراسي في شمال الضفة الغربية كحالة دراسية
محمد صبحي حردان عباهره
Mohamad subhi hardan abahre
Heritage tourism is considered an element of tourist attraction to a large extent, but Palestine faces challenges that hinder the development of the tourism sector in it, the political and geopolitical reality in addition to the lack of interest in many heritage sites, the most important of which is the Al-Chair villages, which are one of the components of heritage tourism in Palestine. Proper planning, and dissemination of information that reaches all tourism managers in the world, to highlight its heritage value. Those who follow the studies on heritage tourism find a deficiency in it, especially with regard to the villages of Al-Chairs, and this is why this study came to shed light on heritage tourism and Al-Chairs villages in Palestine. This study sought to promote heritage tourism in Palestine, using geographic information systems, and Al-Krasis villages, in particular in the northern West Bank. The research dealt with identifying the most important problems and challenges that face computer tourism in general and Al-Chairs villages in particular, and evaluating the role of Al-Chair villages in developing heritage tourism. The study also aimed to develop a promotional model for heritage tourism in Al-Chairs villages using geographic information systems. This study also followed the methodology. Qualitative, descriptive, historical and cartographic data to collect and analyze primary and secondary data related to the objectives of the study, by holding personal interviews with decision-makers in governmental and non-governmental institutions and the local community, and the method of content analysis was followed in the analysis of personal interviews and the method of spatial analysis in geographic information systems, and the study reached For several results, the most important of which are: poor funding for restoration operations, lack of awareness among the local community, weakness of the law, and the role of the occupation in hindering the restoration and promotion of heritage areas. A new strategy called (swot) has been proposed, which is a strategic analysis of positive and negative influences to protect heritage sites in the northern West Bank. As heritage tourism in Palestine is part of the identity of the Palestinian people A tourist path, using geographic information systems, serves all villages in the study area because of its great role in attracting tourists, and activating the tourism process towards heritage sites in the northern West Bank, and the study reached several recommendations, the most important of which are: Work to review laws and regulations related to site protection The Ministry should raise the level of the annual budget for the heritage tourism sector, work to redraw the heritage areas within the structural plans for their protection and development, and provide human cadres specialized in the field of Palestinian heritage and tourism guidance.