مفهوم الذات وعلاقته باستخدام الحيل الدفاعية النفسية لدى طلبة جامعة القدس
محمد عويد سالم أحمد
This study aimed to identify the self concept and its relation by the use of psychological defense mechanism and the range of its affectation with the demographic variables : sex, academic specialization, scholastic year as well as the study rate for AlQuds University .The study problem is specified in answering the main question of the study :What is the degree of self concept and its relation by using psychological defense mechanism for AlQuds University student in Palestine ?In order to checkup this ,the researcher conducted his study based on the descriptive approach on a random sample consisted of (433) students from AlQuds University ,by using Tensse Measurement for the self concept and the Defence Mechanism Measurement .The study achieved the following results : The total degree for the self concept for the students was high ,there were also statically significance differences in the total degree for each of the sex variable for females and the study rate variable was in the interest of the students whose averages are ( 70%- 85%).But the other variables : specialization and the scholastic year , the null hypothesis was accepted in the absence of the statistical significance variable for the total degree of the variables in the self concept degree . The degree of using the defense mechanism by students was medium .There were statistical significance differences for the dimension of the change mechanism against others for the benefit of the females, and the dimension of the projection mechanism for the benefit of the students whose averages are (70- 85%) and the reversal for the benefit of the second year students .But for the dimensions of defence mechanism there were no variables of statically significance for the study variables . It is cleared from the study that there is a positive relation between the different dimensions of the self concept, whereas the results showed a negative relation between the various dimensions of the self concept and the rest of psychological self mechanism. And on the bases of the results of this study and there discussion a number of recommendations were made by the researcher and here the most important ones :working towards the creation of centers for psychological counseling within the university domain ,and conducting more similar studies about the psychological defense mechanism in its relation with various personal variables .