المواجهة الإجرائية لجريمة غسيل الأموال " دراسة مقارنة"
علاء جهاد حسن دراويش
Alaa Jihad Hassan Darawesh
This study comes to clarify the procedures used to confront the crime of money laundering in Palestinian legislation and in comparative legislation، as it is considered an organized and new crime. This prompted countries to put in place many laws and draw up the necessary measures to prevent the spread of this phenomenon, and there is an international consensus on the criminalization of this dangerous phenomenon and the need to confront it in various ways especially in light of the use of modern means, methods and techniques in the field of money laundering. The first chapter explains the historical development of the money laundering crime, the nature of the money laundering crime, the characteristics of the money laundering crime, its sources, the stages of the money laundering crime, and the methods of money laundering operations. We concluded that the crime of money laundering is a transnational organized crime committed in more than one region, which leads to confront this crime locally and internationally, and states are required to cooperate with each other under the name of international cooperation to confront the crime of money laundering, and this is achieved through international efforts made by the bodies Global, which was headed by the United Nations. The concept of money laundering crime has been clarified in Palestinian legislation, in comparative legislation, as well as in international agreements. We concluded that the definition of the crime of money laundering differs from one country to another, and we went to the point that the definition of money laundering is a process that has multiple forms, specific methods and methods and passes through multiple stages, resorted to by the perpetrators of unlawful crimes through which the funds obtained from Illegal activities, through the exploitation of this money and its use in legitimate activities and projects; This is in order to conceal the source of these legitimate funds, as they are the result of criminal activities. There are many economic, social and political damages resulting from the crime of money laundering. On the economic side, money laundering affects national income and its distribution and leads to unbalanced consumption. This money also affects international peace and security by exploiting these funds to finance terrorist acts. On the social side, it leads to a widening gap between classes of society and leads to widespread unemployment, either Politically, it leads to money laundering groups taking control of the political system.