Perception of Nurses Toward In-Service Training Activities at Governmental Hospitals in Gaza Strip, Palestine
كفاية جمال عبدالله المملوك
Kifaya Jamal Abdallah Elmmlook
Every hospital should provide training activities that are challenging, and lead to improving the quality of health services. The aim of the study is to assess the nurses’ perception about the effectiveness of in-service training activities at governmental hospitals in Gaza Strip. The study utilized descriptive, cross sectional, analytical design. The sample of the study consisted of 337 nurses who attended at least one in-service training activity, selected by non-probability, proportional sampling method from seven governmental hospitals in Gaza Strip: 5 general hospitals (Indonesy hospital, Al Shifa medical complex, Al Aqsa hospital, Nasser medical complex, European Gaza Hospital), Al Nassr pediatric hospital, and Al Emaraty maternity hospital. The researcher prepared a self-administered questionnaire to measure the nurses’ perception about the effectiveness of in-service training activities. The scoring of the questionnaire items was according to the 5-points Likert scale. A pilot study was conducted on 28 participants to examine the validity and reliability of the questionnaire, and alpha coefficient was 0.918. The researcher used SPSS (version 25), statistical analysis included frequencies, mean scores, percentage, independent sample (t) test and One-way ANOVA. The results showed that 52.2% of study participants were female nurses, their mean age was 33.39±7.435 years, 84% of respondents attended emergency training, 83.7% of the training done by hospital trainers, and 83.1% of the training was conducted within the hospital premises. The perception about the knowledge content of the training activities was above moderate (80.8%), the perception about the skills content was above moderate (81.8%), and the perception about the relevancy of the training activities was above moderate (80.4%). There was significant positive relationship between knowledge, skills, and relevancy of the in-service training activities. Respondents from Al Emaraty hospital expressed significant higher perception about knowledge and skills content compared to respondents from the other hospitals. Female nurses exhibited significant higher perception about knowledge content than males, but no significant differences existed in skills and relevancy of the training activities. Respondents from obstetric and maternity departments expressed significant higher perception about knowledge and skills content of in-service activities, while respondents from pediatric departments expressed significant higher perception about relevancy of the training activities. In addition, respondents who attended three and five in-service training activities showed significant higher perception about knowledge and skills content of the training activities compared to those who attended one or two training activities. There were statistically no significant differences in perception about knowledge and skills content related to age, qualification, experience in nursing, experience in current department, job title, job description, marital status, and income. The study concluded that the nurses perceived the effectiveness of in-service training activities as above moderate level. The study recommended the need to allocate adequate time for in-service training activities, and to plan training activities relevant to each department.
كفايةالمملوك,Perception of Nurses Toward In-Service Training Activities at Governmental Hospitals in Gaza Strip, Palestine. رسالةماجستيرجامعةالقدس ,القدس2023