الضغوطات النفسية واستراتيجيات التكيف والعلاقة بينهما لدى المرشدين التربويين في مدارس شمال الضفة الغربية
صالح حسين صالح قرعوش
SALEH HUSSEIN SALEH QAROUSH
The purpose of the study is to identify the degree of psychological stress to school counselors in northern West Bank schools, and also to recognize adaptation strategies used by educators counselor and their dependence on the variables (gender, academic qualification, years of experience, age, marital status, place of residence and area of study), and examine the correlation between psychological stress and adaptation strategies. The study itself consisted (226) school counselors, the study was depended upon using the correlation and descriptive analysis, the study tool consisted from two questioners: they are psychological stress and adaptions strategies, finally it took the validity and reality for it. The study was analyzed statically using the SPSS package, it was used various methods such as frequency's, percentages, means, standard deviations, one way ANOVA, an in dependent sample test (T), Pearson's correlation coefficient, equation of consistency Cronbach Alpha, and test (LSD) for comparisons a posteriori between the averages. The study showed that the degree of psychological stress to the school counselors in the northern West Bank schools were at a moderate degree, where the means average of the total degree of psychological stress (2.4039) and standard deviation (0.46618). According to the association between the degree of psychological stress and demographic data, it was revealed that significant differences for psychological stress due to the variables sex among females, age for the age category (50 years and over), place of residence for those who live in towns, area of study for sociology, there were no statistically significant differences due to variables academic qualification, years ofexperience, and marital status. It was shown in this study that the degree of adaptation strategies with psychological stress to school counselors in the Northern West Bank schools were moderately as the means average of the total degree (3.112) and a standard deviation (0.384), there were nostatistically significant differences due to variables gender, academic qualification, years of experience, age, marital status, place of residence and area of study and the arrangement of strategies to adapt to psychological stress with school counselors was due to the importance of their use as follows: problem solving, acceptance and trust, reconstruction of cognitive and time management, control and monitor the stress, the search for social support , religious dimension, the use of the means of defense and of expression, self- preoccupation, and finally strategy sport exercise and entertainment. The presence of correlation at the level of statistical significance (a ≤ 0.05) between the degree of psychological stress and adaptation strategies for the school counselors in the northern West Bank schools, reaching a Pearson correlation coefficient of the total degree (0.240), reaching a level of statistical significance (0.000), as shown by a correlation between the degree of psychological stress and some strategies adaptation of the educators counselors, such as : (cognitive reconstruction and time management , problem-solving , sport exercise and entertainment , self-preoccupation , using of the defense and expression and the religious dimension). According to these results the study recommended a number of recommendations, most notably holding training sessions for school counselors in the field of mental health to ensure their ability to activate the face of stress and to achieve proper adjustment.
الصحة النفسية المجتمعية , Community Mental Health