اختيارات الشيخ مصطفى الزرقا في الأحوال الشخصية "دراسة فقهية مقارنة"
انتصار سليمان محمد عدوين
Intesar Suliman Mohammad Adawen
This study is under the title" The selections of Shaikh Mustafa AlZarqa in Personal Transactions" It came to show the shaikh scientific stautus, his ideas and weights in personal Transactions, it also emphasizes his modernization basis in his Fatwa approach. The first chapter contains a summary of Shaikh Mustafa's life, his name, belonging, approach, birth, youthhood and his scientific and literary contributions, the jobs he took, his shaikhs (teachers) and his students, it ends up showing his Ijtihad approach in Fatwa jurisprudence, finally, his death. Chapter two contains his jurisprudence selections in marriage rules and their effects. Here, I concentrate on four fields, marriage with the intention of divorce, a grown-up female marriage without the concent of her parent, forcing young to marry and the number of breast feedings which imposes forbidden relations. The third chapter contains his jurisprudence selections in divorce rules. Here, I discussed three fields, divorce bound to a condition, divorcing three in one saying and provisions of finishing "Ela'" which is an oath of a husband not yo have intercourse with his wife. The student finishes his study with the most important rules and recommendations such as showinghis clear approach in his Fatwa and his jurisprudence studies where his choices came out of his beliefs, scientific education not out of bigotry to a certain branch of jurisprudence or mere acceptance of what Hanafia shaikhs say. The student advises his studying colleagues vto follow her approach and study Shaikh Zarqa's selections in other fields of jurisprudence manily the field of Islamic transactions in which he had many impotant selections.