مفهوم الأمن الإسرائيلي والمؤسسة العسكرية الاسرائيلية بين عامي (2000-2015)وتداعيات استراتيجية الجيش الاسرائيلي (وثيقة ايزنكوت) عليهما.
معاذ طلال ابراهيم هريني
moath talal ibrahem horine
The current study examines the role of the Israeli security establishment and Eisenkot's document in Israeli political decision-making during 2000- 2015. During those years, many changes took place, including the changes on political and security levels, such as the outbreak of the Al- Aqsa Intifada or Uprising, the Israeli withdrawal from southern Lebanon in 2000, and the implementation of the Disengagement Plan from the Gaza Strip in 2005, in addition to the recommendations made by the Israeli security establishment to the then Prime Minister Sharon in mid- September 2000 not to assassinate Yasser Arafat, and the 2006 Lebanon War, and the Israeli wars on Gaza in 2008 , 2009, 2012 and 2014. The study sheds light on the concept of strategies and security establishment in Israel according to its various divisions and the degree of their influence on political decision-making. It showed the role of the Eisenkot's document in the security and political establishment, taking into consideration its impact and control on the political action and operations room during wars. The study demonstrates the military's intended developments according to the vision of the Eisenkot's document. Since security is his interested field, the researcher confirmed through his own justifications his interest in the security system and the Israeli strategies during the study period. The justifications for the objective study are related to clarifying the extent of overlapping roles between the security and political establishment with regard to the political decision. The security establishment maintains military superiority and monopolizes the power of nuclear deterrence in light of an Arab environment hostile to Israel. The study problem showed an existence of a conflict between the government and the security establishment over adopting political decisions , although there is a consensus among them towards addressing external threats. The researcher used the descriptive method in studying the phenomenon, relying on many different and translated sources. د The study is divided into four chapters . In Chapter One , the researcher presented the general framework of the study. Chapter Two, discusses security theory and the security establishment in Israel before 2015 as a theoretical framework and previous studies . Chapter Three is about Eisenkot's strategy and its implications for the security theory and the Israeli security establishment, whereas Chapter Four and fiv shows the role of Eisenkot's document and the security establishment in political decision-making. The study reached several results, the most important of which are : The security establishment has a prominent role in political decision-making. The personality of the Prime Minister plays an important role in implementing decisions. Eisenkot ignored the Minister of Defense and the Basic Law in imposing a document according to his vision without paying any attention to his partners in the security establishment (such as young women and the Mossad) Intelligence miscalculation leads to a failure in the political decision-making process. The absence of a third party other than the government and the security services, contributes to assessing the political situation. leaving room for the security services to directly interfere in the political decision-making process.