الذكاء العاطفي وعلاقته بِمُمَارَسةِ جَرائِمِ الابتزازِ الإلكترونيِّ لَدَى عَيِّنَةٍ مِنَ الضَّحَايا في الضِّفَّةِ الغَرْبيِّةِ
نورهان هاني إسماعيل عابدين
Nourhan Hani Ismael Abdeen
The study aimed at identifying the emotional intelligence and its relationship to the practice of cyber blackmail in a sample of victims in the West Bank. The study used the quantitative descriptive approach through the use of a questionnaire tool designed specifically for obtaining data from the victims. She also used qualitative descriptive approach via an interview In order to obtain data from the staff of the Family Protection Unit and the E-Crime Prosecution in both the Palestinian Police and Public Prosecution. The study population consists of (208) victims of cyber blackmail crimes according to the prosecution statistics. The study sample included (73) victims from the cybercrime unit, the family protection unit in the Palestinian police and the cybercrime prosecution in the public prosecution were selected in an intentional manner. In addition, an interview was conducted with (5) individuals who works in the Electronic crime and family protection units in the Palestinian police and public prosecution. The study reached a set of results, the most important of which is that the level of emotional intelligence affects the increase in the practice of cyber blackmail crimes. The level of emotional intelligence among victims of cyber blackmail crimes was medium and the average of the total score (3.39). However, the study also found that financial and sexual extortion and defamation are among the most common types of cyber blackmail. The study also found the main difficulties that limit the work of the Cybercrime Unit and the Family Protection Unit in the are the limitation of the financial resources. In addition, there is a lack of modern equipment and trained qualified staff to deal with the perpetrators of these crimes, especially in cases where the perpetrator of a cybercrime is characterized by a high level of emotional intelligence. On the other hand, the results indicated that the procedures followed by the "Cybercrime Unit, the Family Protection Unit in the Palestinian Police Authority and the Cybercrime Prosecution in the Public Prosecution" in dealing with cyber blackmail crimes are completely confidential. The results also indicated that bad friends are one of the most important reasons that lead to cyber blackmail crimes, and that emotional relationships are one of the most important ways used to inflict victims of cyber blackmail crimes. in addition, the study pointed out that the most important effects resulting from cyber blackmail are family disintegration, The spread of deviation between ن victims and blackmailers, while the results of the interviews indicated that there are cases of psychological trauma and can lead in some cases to death. The results also indicated that there is no statistically significant relationship at the level of significance (α ≤ 0.05) between the level of intelligence and the practice of crimes of electronic blackmail for the victims. Also, there are no statistically significant differences according to study variables (sex, educational level, place Housing, Age, employment, income level, marital status, social media usage rate). The study reached a set of recommendations, the most important of which is to raise the level of preventive awareness among all members of the society about the crimes of electronic blackmail, through television programs and bulletins by the Palestinian police. This will lead to a sufficient awareness of the existence of such crimes in the community and it will raise the level of trust in the public prosecution and the Palestinian judiciary. This will be achieved through the application of the amended law on cybercrime and the publication of trial sessions for members of the community through the various media to be a deterrent to the perpetrators and gain the trust of citizens. Also the need for the individuals who use the network Spyware to check their computers, install security programs licensed by Palestinian Internet companies, and not use their accounts in public places that are not trusted so as not to be subjected to cyber blackmail. Finally , to allocate a budget to combat cybercrime and train the workers in this field to try to minimize and control these crimes.