الدولة الفلسطينية كاملة العضوية في الأمم المتحدة (التحديات والآفاق)
محمد محمد عبد الرحمن صبّاح
The aim of this study is to shed light on the state of Palestine as full membership state at the UN: Challenges and opportunities. The study illustrates that the enjoyment of Palestine the status of non-member observer state provided it with further opportunities to stand against Israel in the UN venues, and partly embodied a recognition of the Palestinian sovereignty over the occupied Palestine territory. It also paved the way for the state of Palestine to seek a full membership at the UN. The study is divided into three chapters. The first chapter illustrates the key problem and questions the study tries to address and answer, as well as the study’s value, and objectives. The second chapter traces the legal developments of the status of Palestine in the UN since 1974 until 2012. In this regard, it discusses the legal status of Palestine starting from the Ottoman empire era, passing by the British Mandate era, including under the partition resolution of 1947, in the post Al Nakba era, and ending with the post Oslo accords era, including the efforts made by state of Palestine to obtain a full membership at the UN. The third chapter highlights the upgrading of the status of Palestine as a member state at the UN. Within this context, the chapter discusses the requirements set by the UN Charter for any state to obtain a full membership at the UN, and challenges faced by the state of Palestine to obtain such membership. The chapter also illustrates the legal and political benefits of obtaining with full membership at the UN. The researcher used several methodologies and theories to identifies the problem. One of these methodologies is the descriptive research methodology, which identifies the key attributes,nature, and root causes of the problem. In doing so, the study analyses all the relevant data and documents by Palestinian Ministry of foreign affairs. The study also adopts the “historical methodology”,by analyzing the root causes of certain relevant historical events. It also uses the “legal methodology” by analyzing the relevant legal documents and resolutions, particularly resolutions in relation to the Palestinian cause. The study drew several conclusions, including: 1- The British mandate blocked the state building process in Palestine, and deprived Palestinians from their right to self determination 2- The emergence of the USA as one of the greatest powers in the international political order after the second world war had have negative impact on the prospects for Palestinians to realize their national rights، particularly on the light of its firm support to Zionist movement in the international venues. 3- In its endeavor to obtain full membership for the state of Palestine, the Palestinian leadership has faced several internal and external challenges that negatively impacted this endeavor. The study recommends the following 1- Create Palestinian-Arab lobby to apply pressure on international community to implement the UN charter, including the clauses providing for right of the occupied states, including the state of Palestine, to self-determination. 2- The state of Palestine should access and join international treaties and bodies, like Rome Status, and International Court of Justice, to stand against the Israeli undermining of Palestinian national rights. The state of Palestine should build networks with the leading powers and states, including by having diplomatic and political ties with them.