مساءلة سياسات دولة فلسطين لتعزيز حقوق العاملين وواقع تطبيقها في الجمعيات الخيرية
محمد اسماعيل ربعي
Muhammed ISMAEEL Rabae
This study aimed to examine the policies which the Palestine employs in the three northern governorates of the West Bank to promote workers' rights and their real application by the Palestinian Charitable Societies. It aimed to do this by answering the questions and objectives of the study. The study aimed to identify the compatibility of the governmental policies with the Palestinian workers' needs in terms of work conditions, social security, and violation of the labor law, economic exploitation, and regulations implementation. In addition, it aimed to explore the compliance of the charities with labor law, practice and challenges of labor law, and compliance with wage payment requirements. Moreover, it aimed to determine labor rights of vacations and work environment, charities ' violations of workers' rights, and methods of promotion and protection of fundamental workers' rights in civil society from their staff perspectives. The study population consisted of 18246 workers from 2001 charities. The study sample included 519 persons selected by stratified sampling according to the governorates. In the study, time was limited to 2013-2015, and the place was limited to northern Palestinian governorates. The results of the study showed that the compliance of the Palestinian charities with the minimum wage policy was low, with an average of 3.11 and medium total score; the compliance of the charities with the Palestinian labor law related annual leave was high from their employees' perspectives, with arithmetic average of 3.92 and high total score; the compliance of the charities with the Palestinian labor law related to work conditions was moderate from their employees' perspectives, with arithmetic average of 3.57 and high total score; the charities' violations of the Palestinian labor law in the three northern governorates was low from their employees' perspectives, with arithmetic average of 2.50 and low total score – with an exception of women's overtime during pregnancy or six months after childbirth. According to the workers in the northern governorates, there was a need for the development of Palestinian labor law, raising awareness on endorsed workers' rights, and setting up labor courts for labor cases. As for the competent professionals, the suitability of the PNA labor policies for the workers' rights in the Palestinian civil society was inadequate. There were several types of the obstacles that impeded the ideal application of labor law by the charities: organization-related obstacles such as a lack of funding and defaulting; obstacles related to public policies and the political situation such as the PLC's malfunction due to the Palestinian split; obstacles related to lack of coordination and networking among the public organizations. The study recommended that an efficient, strong base should be institutionalized to establish partnerships between the government bodies and charities, better awareness should be raised on employees' right among the NGOs administrations, effective means of complaint should be developed in the Ministry of Labor, information technology means and instruments should be utilized to keep up with the community development process, pressure groups should be formed to reform labor laws, and retirement saving funds should be established in the charities.