مسيرة تركيا والإتحاد الأوروربي، فرص العضوية ومستقبل العلاقة )1129-2591(
غادة ريان ابراهيم جماعين
Ghada Rayan Jammain
The question of the accession of turkey to the European Union is considered one of the issues, that provoke great debut in the European union and outside the European union, especially so, often after the opening of the accession of Turkey to the European union on the third of October 2014. Consequently Turkey took a number of domestic reforms on the political, economic and social levels. However it was confronted with many hindrances in its negotiation to the access to the European Union. Among these hindrances are the Cyprus problem, the Armenian problem, and the Kurdish problem. In addition to the problem it was confronted with that problem to the democracy issues. Turkey tried to overcome these difficulties and hindrances with a series of reforms that are proportionate with the policies of the European Union. The aim of this study is to shed light on the development of the relationships between Turkey and the European Union. It also aims studying the various hindrances and challenges that Turkey confronted on its attempts to access to European Union. It also aims to study the capacity of Turkey to overcome these hindrances through accomplishing the reforms in various fields. The researcher attempts to discover the future of the relations between Turkey and the European Union. One of the findings of this study shows that Turkey needs to fulfill all the requirements and prerequisites in order to join the European Union. Furthermore, there are many obstacles that are still existent, which are not to be solved in the near future, such as the geographical position of Turkey, and it’s threatening effect on Europe, especially considering the current complicated neighboring situation. Not to mention the Armenian issue, in which Turkey is still refusing to admit the massacres that have been made to the Armenians through the Ottoman Empire on 1915.In addition to the Cyprus problem and other problems related to lack of democracy in Turkey. Through this study, the researcher has been able to show many scenarios for the future relationship between Turkey and the European Union, such as refusing their request, or accepting Turkey to be part of the European Union as well, in which it is concluded that this is the weaker scenario. Some of the suggested representations were to grant Turkey an honorary position or a special partnership with the EU, without a full membership, as to be able to maintain a good relationship of mutual benefits with Turkey in particular and the Middle East in general. As for the predictions regarding Turkey, it is represented by Turkey being a mediator, as to keep the relationship with Europe in a try to join the EU, and building international and regional alliances based on mutual benefits at the same time. The researcher applied in this study the analytical descriptive approach which analyzes the data of the European Union and the Turkish policies. The futuristic approach which also be applied in areas to studying the future of the accession of Turkey to the European Union.