Formation of Carbon-Based DBPs in Swimming Pool
Yüzme Havuzlarında Karbon Bazlı Dezenfeksiyon Yan Ürünlerinin Oluşumu
HARMAN, B. İLKER
BEKAROĞLU, Ş. ŞULE KAPLAN
Ö. YİĞİT, NEVZAT
SARDOHAN KÖSEOĞLU, TUĞBA
KANAN, AMER A. S.
MetadataShow full item record
This paper aims to review available information in the literature on the factors responsible on formation, species disinfection by-products (DBPs) and their health effects in swimming pool water. DBPs in swimming pools is significant for international literature and this review is the first study with the main focus of DBPs in swimming pool in national academic arena. Various disinfectants are applied in order to eliminate the pathogen microorganisms in drinking water distribution network and swimming pools. While chlorine based disinfectants are used commonly, also bromine based chemicals are preferential disinfectants. The sources of the organic matter precursors are; i) natural organic matter content of filling water and ii) organic loadings from swimmers. While disinfectants inactivate pathogens in swimming pools, mutagenic or carcinogenic DBPs are formed as a result of reactions between disinfectants and natural organic matter (NOM), bromide/iodide and human inputs. The formation of DBPs in swimming pool are higher than drinking water due to higher disinfectants residual and DBPs precursors. Trihalomethanes (THMs) and haloaceticacids (HAAs) are commonly observed as DBPs in swimming pools. THMs can be observed high concentration not only in swimming pool waters but also in indoor air ambition due to their volatile nature. Understanding of DBPs formation and control in swimming pools is important to minimize adverse health effects. It is much easier and cheaper to reduce DBPs before formation the pool with removal of precursors and use of proper disinfectants.