The role of sports clubs in integrating and empowering people with disabilities from the point of view of the disabled in Palestine
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The study aims to identify the role of sports clubs in integrating and empowering people with disabilities from the point of view of the disabled in Palestine. The problem of the study was determined by answering the following questions: What is the role of sports clubs in integrating and empowering people with disabilities from the point of view of the disabled in the social, psychological, behavioral, and physical and health aspects?. Are there statistically significant differences in the level of (α≤0.05) between the role of sports clubs in the integration of persons with disabilities from the point of view of the disabled due to demographic variables such as gender, type of disability, cause of disability, educational level, and sports activity? From this, the researcher conducted her study based on the descriptive and survey method, which is defined as one of the forms of analysis and scientific change organized to describe a phenomenon or specific problem. The sample included (223) players and disabled people. The tool used by the researcher was a questionnaire consisting of five interlocutors, which included the main axis of the demographic variables of the study sample, in addition to the sub-axes of the social axis - the behavioral axis, the psychological axis, the physical and health axes and the cognitive axis. A statistical package (SPSS) was used to analyze the results. The results of the study showed that the Sports Clubs “sports activities and programs "attaches great importance to the social, psychological, behavioral, and physical and health aspects. Considering that sports clubs have a positive impact on the lives of people with disabilities as the only place to practice sports activities and programs and to discharge their energies, and skills. The study showed that there are no statistically significant differences at the level of significance (α0.05) in the total arithmetic mean in estimating the answers of the sample due to the demographic variables gender, type of disability, cause of disability and sports activity. Based on the results of the study, a number of recommendations were suggested by the researcher. The most important of these was that sports activities and programs should be taken care of because they have a positive role in the development of the disabled from the social, behavioral, psychological, and physical and health aspects, especially in the Palestinian camps, where these clubs are marginalized in terms of their participation in sports. An increase of their interaction with other clubs and interest in the design of sports activities and programs should be activated, in accordance with the modern educational trends in the field of appropriate training and integration of psychologically and behaviorally, physically, socially and cognitively people. Appropriate training for people with disabilities should be provided, and the financial budget for sports clubs should be increased so as to enable each club to activate its sports activities and programs, and the appeal of people with disabilities should be enhanced.