Effectiveness of timed and targeted counselling about feeding and caring practices for infants and young children to mothers in West Bank: a randomised controlled trial
Al–Rabadi, Hana S
E Sharif, Nuha
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Background Restricted access to health facilities in some Palestinian localities is believed to contribute to little knowledge and poor infant and young child feeding (IYCF) and care practices among mothers. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a community approach called Timed Targeted Counselling in improving mothers’ knowledge and practices of IYCF in four remote villages surrounding Bethlehem in the West Bank. Methods We did a randomised controlled trial in four villages. All mothers of infants born between March 1, 2011, and April 30, 2011, were identified by community health workers (CHWs) and randomly assigned to the intervention or comparison group. Randomisation was done at the individual level, four villages who had similar characteristics were identified and all newborns during the months of March and April, 2011, were assigned randomly into intervention and comparison groups, univariate, and multivariate analysis were applied. CHWs targeted the intervention group with key messages and support for positive IYCF and caring practices during two organised home visits (sometimes three depending on their counselling) throughout 12 months. Women in the comparison group were not exposed to any messages; they were visited only for data collection. Baseline and postintervention data from a questionnaire, designed for the purpose of the study, were collected for both groups at the end of 12 months. Ethical approval was given and informed consent obtained from participants. The primary endpoint was behavioural caring practices of mothers towards their children. We did univariate and multivariate statistical analysis were planned to be done using SPSS version 17.