التجمعات العنقودية في تحقيق التنافسية للشركات الصغيرة والمتوسطة في محافظة الخليل ( منهجية النمذجة بالمعادلة البنائية )
Clustring for competitiveness in the SME'S in Hebron/ A structural Equation Modeling Analysis (SEM)
علاء علي احمد عمرو
alaa ali ahmad amro
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Hebron city is known as “Khalil Al-Rahman City”. It‟s numerous features are unique and have made it a significant destination for tourists from all over the world. Hebron also it contains many traditional craft industries, which include shoes and leather industry. Working in a cluster is an efficient and effective way to enhance the competitiveness of shoes and leather firms. Firms in the cluster area have greater ability to access larger local markets, and they are encouraged to be more innovative because there is rivalry amongst firms in the cluster. There are two main motivators for doing this thesis. First, this thesis aims to map the existing cluster in the leather & shoe sector as a tool to improve its competitiveness. Second, the study aimed to identify and determine the factors of competitiveness of the SMEs working in processing the leather & shoe sector in Hebron and determine the factors that need improvements in order to improve the level of competitiveness of these SMEs. A combination of quantitative and qualitative methods- mixed methodologywas used in this research. The researcher randomly selected and distributed 131 questionnaires to the companies working in the shoes and leather sector. The questionnaire was addressed to the owner/manager of the firms that were selected. The results of the research show that the Palestinian shoes and leather cluster sector is vital and strong and the performance of shoes and leather firms working within the cluster is very vital and strong. Additionally, the results show a positive and strong relationship between working in a cluster and enhanced competitiveness achieved through this technique. Working in a cluster has been shown to promote productivity, innovation and competition in a number of ways, e.g., the reduced cost of sharing resources, the critical mass created by having a pool of specialized skills, expertise and value-added products. The cluster also enhances economic foundations such as a skilled workforce, research and development capacity and infrastructure; and thus creates assets such as trust, synergy, collaboration and cooperation, which are all essential for competitiveness and business sustainability.