الاحتكار بين الرأسمالية والإسلام : دراسة تحليلية
علي أحمد محمد العروج
Ali Ahmad Mohammad Alarrouj
this study dealt with phenomenon of the most serious economic phenomena, the phenomenon monopoly. In this era phenomenon monopoly evolved more than it was in the past; Rather than do individuals monopoly, states adopted monopolistic policies and sponsored them as; a result of globalization and the removal of tariff barriers (GATT), and competition these countries started competing among them, overheated competition; to assert its control over economic and political World markets at the expense of other states, and damaging it. The purpose of this study to indicate the position of Islam monopoly, and clarify the difference between the concept of monopoly in Islam, and monopoly capitalism. To illustrate that our teams differentiate between the Islamic regime and the capitalist system. It turns out that the Islamic economic system has It's own distinctive subjectivity, which is different from the capitalist economic system. There is no comparison between the law of Allah and the law of humans; but the point is not to compare between the two systems; as much as it is a view to highlighting the greatness of Islam and how it preceded other systems . Solving all problems of the world in the application of this great religion. The study concluded that the capitalist economy is based on unleashing the private ownership beyond the border, and reducing the role of the state is limited to guarding and protection, and the neglect of the distributional; allowing individuals to own what they want of resources and riches, even if that harms others. On the other hand; the Islamic economy is based on principles and values which are not available in any other economic system; it has established its ownership, in it's three forms -private, public and the state-, Islam refuses in its financial system that extreme individualism espoused - which capitalist system adopts-, in order to achieve the highest percentage of profit, even if at the expense of others, and damaging them. Islam also expanded for the distribution on the basis of the Department of Justice, and called for solidarity, and the campus of malpractice; like monopoly, fraud, and exploitation of people's need. And adopts directing state of the economy, and the supervision and control, but their intervention is limited to the extent needed to achieve the public interest. The study concluded that Islam and capitalism are two opposite systems; not meet in perception, nor result in incompatible, and their respective goals and objectives are completely different . Monopoly is a pillar of the capitalist system and a feature of it's charcter. And that Islam has forbidden monopoly, not only to enact legislation that is anathema; campus, but the ways and means which lead to it; such as the receipt stirrups, and others. The letter also concluded, that Islam is more accurate in defining the concept of monopoly; he does not stop at the figure at the expense of substance, but the lesson is in content and results; occurrence of any damage or not. It sits in the monopoly of buying and selling, and the local and global, goods, services and factors of production; In Islam there is no difference between the item which is produced as a productive private monopoly, or purchased from the domestic market, or imported from abroad, as long as everyone's monopoly outcome is one which is damaging to people. It includes everything you need sustenance of the nation's goods and real estate, business and scientific expertise and benefits to achieve vested, which harm the Muslims in general as a result of keeping it and raising prices. One of the recommendations of the message to find effective control of the government on the markets, and the provision of basic needs and ensure each member of the state. And to send the faith and morality in the hearts of traders such as sincerity, honesty, altruism the public interest on personal interest; so that markets become pure and free of fraud and of ambiguity, and eat people's wealth unlawfully. And to applicate the law of Allah in the world to materialize a decent life for all people.
الدراسات الاسلامية المعاصرة , Contemporary Islamic Studies