المساعدات الامريكية وأثرها في السياسة الخارجية المصرية
US aid and its impact on Egyptian foreign policy
غازي احمد اسماعيل مصلح
GHAZI AHMAD ISMAEIL MUSLEH
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The study deals with the endless questions that always raised by many educated Arabs , who oppose the domination of the United States in the Middle East in particular , and the world in general. Among these questions, that deals with the reasons behind the American aids to Egypt which considered to be the largest after Israel. The study tries to prove or not the hypothesis that the American Egyptian relation is not built on equal basis , and that American has the full influence on the Egyptian foreign policy. The study is important because Egypt plays an important and effective role in the regional and international affairs that related to Middle East, and to its foreign policy. The study also aims to clarify the connection between forming the foreign policy and the Economical aids in countries that receive aids , especially what is related to Israeli- Arab conflict and peace process. The study covers the American – Egyptian relation for the period of 1980- 2000 and focuses on the dimensions and effects of the American aids and supports on forming the Egyptian foreign policy. The study tackles the influence of economical variable on forming of foreign policy in countries that receive aids and supports. The methodology of the study is an analytical and historical one , because of the need for both, the historical method traces the aides from its beginning and comparing it with the existing status of aids before Camp David agreement, in addition to analyzing the reasons for adopting certain attitudes either internally or externally. The analytical method deals with the data related to economical aids, supports and loans by clarifying the percentage of each item, and the field in which its spent connecting these with the Egyptian political attitudes, and finding out whether the Egyptian American relation was built on the equal bases. The study results reflect that the dependency of Egypt on America is not stable and it varies from time to time. The aids comes first then trade and investment follows, the cost of these aids was very high since its connected strongly with the peace process, and selling of the public sector and supporting the private one. Which increases the American and Israeli influences on Egypt and create a new economical standards. Such standards create a new Egyptian elites who benefited from privatization and support the American- Egyptian relation. The study concludes that democracy and adopting national political principles , and national security standards are the pillars of foreign policy that might face the affection internally , and externally. To come out of the bottle neck, the national sovereignty should be the adopted believe to avoid the external domination, in addition to constructing an Arab unity that might create a national income that will be able to face the globalization challenges which allows US to interfere in the regional affairs , in addition to adopting democracy and respecting human rights throughout the Arab World that rejects partition and tends towards unity either in the internal or external affairs.
- Regional Studies