المقاومة الفلسطينية للإحتلال الإسرائيلي في مدينة القدس1987 - 2015م
The resistance of Palestinians in Jerusalem to the Israeli occupation between 1987 and 2015.
خالد ابراهيم اسحق ابوعرفة
khaled ibrahem ishaq abu arafeh
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The aim of this study is to search the Palestinian’s resistance of the Israeli occupation in Jerusalem timed of (1987-2015), and surveying the chronology of the current intifada and the previous intifadas without focusing on any partial or daily circumstances or parts. The core of this study concentrates on the means and methods that the Palestinians used in Jerusalem in order to resist the Israeli occupation in (1987-2015), and the Palestinians progression in the reduction of the occupation here and far targets achievements. It is also measure the positive achievements of the Palestinians resistance related to the city future in the final negotiations. In order to achieve the goals of the study, the researcher adopted the (analytical description) as a main method, partially he utilized the quantity method. This study passed the preparation phase, developed the research methodology, improved the research styles and methods, in addition to data analysis and insertion. The researcher also relied on inductive reasoning in processing the data, classifying and listing resistance operations in Jerusalem. The study presents the forms of resistance displayed between 1987 and 2015, and discusses the motives behind the determination of Palestinian to resist, particularly in light of the Oslo Peace Accords; that maintained the status quo in Jerusalem and postponed discussing issues pertaining to it until the final negotiations. The years following the Oslo Peace Accords, however, have witnessed a growing escalation in Israeli oppressive policies towards Palestinians. The study finds that Israel has ceaselessly imposed military, security, political and legislative measures aimed at extending its hegemony over all spheres of Palestinian life in Jerusalem including geography, demography and religion. Yet, Palestinians in Jerusalem have not given up on resisting the occupation as much as they could and through the means available at their disposal Peaceful popular resistance, also referred to as “nonviolent resistance,” has been the dominant form of resistance employed by Jerusalem’s Palestinians over the past few decades. Even though Israel did manage to achieve many of its initial goals in Jerusalem, this study shows that Palestinian’s resistance and defiance were the primary obstacles of the absolute Judaization of the holy city. They also maintained the belonging soul among Arab and Muslim peoples towards Jerusalem and it’s holy sites. The researcher presents main conclusions, that the study has arrived, where the Palestinian’s resistance evolves in accordance with Israel’s security developments in the city. Additionally, this resistance is transgenerational and does not fade. The perseverance of Palestinians in Jerusalem is attributed to their willingness to sacrifice and their profound feeling of belonging both to the city and its holy sites. Meanwhile, the main reason for the frustration of Palestinians in Jerusalem is the lack of political will among Palestinian and Arab leaders to provide them with genuine support and assistance. This led the researcher to raise the following question: What is the future of Palestinian resistance to the Israeli occupation in Jerusalem, particularly in light of the latest regional and international unrest that indicates to the possibility of Israel assuming sweeping ascendancy in the conflict over Jerusalem? Thus, the study has reached several recommendations, the most important of which is the necessity to exert more efforts that could lead to the establishment of a centralized Palestinian reference point capable of working on the field in route to “unifying the national effort”. Furthermore, there is a need to create independent research centers specializing in issues concerning Jerusalem in order to document the acts of resistance in the city, separate from other research sectors. The study also recommends the circulation of Arab and Islamic culture among Palestinian as it constitutes core of the authentic Palestinian narrative in the face of Israeli falsehoods. In addition to, the centrality of Al Aqsa Mosque in the conflict should be emphasized as should the unity of national identity in defense of the city and its residence
- Regional Studies