الحوثيون في اليمن ما بين الفكر والممارسة 1994-2017
The Houthis in Yemen-Between Ideology and Practice 1994-2017
ازدهار محمد يونس مصلح
ezdehar mouhmmad younes musleh
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The importance of this study emerges from the conflict between the Houthis, supported by Iran, and the Yemeni central government, supported by Saudi Arabia, as well as the consequent regional and Arab military interference which has destruyed the infrastructure and contributed to the spread of poverty and epidemics. This study aims to examine the ideological thinking of the Houthis and the extent of applying and practicing this thinking on the ground, and also to examine their belief and emergence through their social and religious activity. This study has raised a main question: “What are the points of similarity and difference between the political and ideological thinking and practice on the ground by the Houthis in Yemen? The researcher supposed that the Houthis’ slogans call upon making political and social reforms; however, they have been transformed into demands calling for overthrowing the regime and the seizure of power. The researcher has divided the study into several chapters. The most important chapter is chapter (3) which discusses the emergence of Houthis, their belief, the Shiitic groups which they follow, their political ideology as well as the internal and external factors which have contributed to their emergence. Chapter (4) addresses the contradiction between Houthis’ political ideology and practice on the ground. The study has used the descriptive approach to describe this phenomenon; the subject of the study. The study also uses data analysis and the relationship between the subject’s components was clarified by using several tools such as analysis of content, previous studies as well as some relevant references in addition to some reliable websites. The researcher has reached to several conclusions and results which indicate that there is a contradiction between the political, social and ideological thinking of the Houthis and their practices on the ground which are represented by the struggle on power, based on the justifications of political, social and economic reforms, their administrative and financial corruption as well as their vicious behavior against the Yemeni tribes and citizens.
- Regional Studies