تنوع الرؤى في شعر نزار قباني؛ دراسة تفكيكية
The Diversity of Revelations in the Poetry of Nizar Qabbani
محمد عبد الهادي عبد القادر رماحه
Muhammad Abdul Hadi Abdul Qader Rammaha
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This study is based on the sublime values that are illuminated by the poetic texts of Nizar Qabbani, which represent the ideologies and revelations that lurk into these texts, in order to identify such revelations, observe the extent of its diversity and examine the significance of this work in unmasking the truth of Nizarian poetry; through a comprehensive reading of his poetry that will draw up a new picture that will place it in its correct place. The desire to go beyond expedite but generalized impressions and judgments, shared by some critics over the poetry of Nizar Qabbani, has urged me to form this study in order to shed light on aspects other than those which researchers have always flatten out. This study is a product of extensive reading carried out in accordance with the “deconstructive approach”, whose procedures constitute strategies that seek to read and deconstruct literary texts then re-form new ones in accordance with the reader’s intellectual and cognitive references and based on the actions and reactions which are elicited by these literary texts. Deconstruction requires numerous readings: preliminary readings which realize an initial comprehension before actual deconstruction, and deconstructive readings wherein meanings are fragmented and an infinite number of interpretative meanings are presented. Thus, product texts are interpretations relatively comprised of explanations and dissections of the text as two procedures that along with the interpretation constitute one of the strategies of the deconstructive strategy. One of the yields of this study is that it introduced a critical contemporary approach, i.e. the deconstructive approach, within a theory it endeavored to clarify removing thereof all ambiguities and opacities, transferring it then from the scope of theorizing to the reality of practice and actual application. Moreover, this study has added additional dimensions to the poetry of Nizar Qabbani, that is, those ideologies and revelations tackled by his poems which have become as easy to envisage as the truths inherent in his poetry. Another of its yields was that it proved the diversity of the revelations and the power of the ideologies inherent in the Nazarian poetic texts. Furthermore, the study has pieced together the fragmented higher values which had been distributed over the product of fifty years of poetry until it became possible to examine the set of values which fall under a specific topic. Therefore, I request the investment in the brought forth by this study by forming a comparative study in one of the topics produced herein between two poets or more. As I also recommend that a study be made addressing the topic of silence in poetry based on the set forth by Nizar in this graceful topic.