ما الاسمية في القران الكريم دراسة نحوية ودلالية
( ma) in the holy Quran
رائدة أحمد العبد حسين
Raeda Ahmad Al-Abed Husain
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This study aims at examining the nominal word ( ma) , trying to point out its forms , features and functions and emphasizing the denotation of each form in the verses of the Quran through providing some examples which represent the whole picture the research intends to present. It is difficult to handle the whole numerous nominal forms of ( ma) in the holy Quran, since it needs many studies like this one to fulfill all its forms. Through all the ages grammarians have studied the nominal (ma) and have pointed the places where it is mentioned in the holy Quran and Arabic poetry. The research has adopted a statistical and descriptive approach. It has identified and enumerated the verses in which the various forms of the nominal (ma) occur : ( interrogative, conditional, relative and indefinite). The thesis has four chapters, as well as an introduction, a conclusion and some appendices. The first chapter gives some details about the interrogative (ma) as regards the concept of interrogation and how the grammarians handle it. The second chapter deals with the conditional (ma) both as temporal and non- temporal. The third chapter treats the relative (ma) also relativization is explained, and the deletion of both the pronoun in relative sentences (Al- A’id) and the nominal relative. In the fourth chapter the indefinite (ma), both (the described) and the (non- described), is handled. Every chapter is concluded with some examples and comprehensive pointers as for the denotation of the nominal (ma) in the holy Quran. The chapters are followed with some statistical tables identifying the verses in which the various types of the nominal (ma) occur in the Quran. The study introduces a number of results and findings at which the research has arrived. Some of the main results are the nominal (ma) is found in One thousand two hundred ninety nine verses of the Quran. Also it is found that the absolute interrogative (ma) is found in one hundred verses of the Quran, while the interrogative (ma) which is proceeded by the traction letters is found in twenty five verses of the Quran, other types of interrogative (ma) is found in twenty one verses of the Quran, which makes the sum of all verses, where interrogative (ma) in all types is found, one hundred twenty seven verses. It is also concluded that the conditional (ma) is found in thirty three verses on the Quran. On the other hand the relative (ma) is found in one thousand fifty five verses, it is found that two hundred twenty six verses contains both conditional (ma) and provenance (ma), while only twelve verses contains both conditional (ma) and indefinite (ma). That makes the sum of verses containing conditional (ma) in all its forms one thousand two hundred seventy three verses which makes the conditional (ma) the most mentioned type in the Quran. Finally the indefinite (ma) is only found in eighteen verses of the Quran.