الفكاهة والسخرية عند شعراء القرنين السادس والسابع الهجريين: دراسة موضوعية وفّنية
Humor & sarcasm of the hegira sixth and seventh centuries poets.An Artistic and Objective study.
عبد الله محمد عبد الرحمن ريان
Abdullah Muhammad Abdullah Rayyan
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This research which deals with "Humor and sarcasm of the hegira sixth & seventh century poets " is considered an artistic and objective study . In fact the actual importance of this study comes from it's emphasis on the political , social ,economical and intellectual causes of humor & sarcasm in this period . This study extends further to investigate in to the different aspects of life , and highlight the poets who used humor & sarcasm poetry to complain about the horrible political , economic , social and intellectual conditions , and explain the reasons that forced them to do so . The researcher have been stimulated by many reasons to choose this topic , the most important is the lack of independent and comprehensive studies on this topic . Needless to say that all the studies on this topic have been dependent , and confusing , more over , the researches , who discussed this topic , concentrated on the period till the 4 th century hegira , paying less attention on the next centuries . They didn’t even tackle the causes that forced the poets to use the humor & sarcasm weapons against some of the ruler and other persons . This study is in some means, a comprehensive research since it depends on the historical method to focus on the political , social , economical and intellectual life in this era. It uses the same method to follow up the start of humor & sarcasm , in addition to that , this study uses the descriptive - analytic method in every section, and deals with the aesthetical method for an artistic study . The most important result achieved is that humor & sarcasm poetry was a common need in this era as it was in the previous centuries The political , social , economical and intellectnral conditions had had a great effect on the spread of humor & sarcasm , many poet's were famous for this poetry , among them , Arqala al-kalbi , Ibn Anein , Sabat bn al-Ta'aweethi , Abu al_hussien al _Jazzar ,al-Bousairi , ibn –Danyal and many others . This poetry was distinguished by special artistic aspects which are as important as the previous eras. The language varied between abundance and simplicity , and the poets decorated their poetry with a collection of literal and moral rhetorical terms , such as , paronomasia, allusion , antithesis , rhyme etc. In relation to music , the didn't deal with a specific meter or rhythm , on the century the poets wrote on most of the meters. The humor & sarcasm poetry was not studied in the Mamlouks first and second eras , and this deserves to be studied independently and compare humor with sarcasm poetry in tow different eras or to make a comparative study on this topic referring to some poets . and then to study humor & sarcasm of a certain poet independently .