ظاهرة الحذف في المفضليات ؛ دراسة نحوية دلالية
محمد أحمد حسن بريجية
MOHAMMED AHMAD HASAN BREIJEYA
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A combination between two syntactic and semantic phenomena in the Arabic Language is a toll order; how would the situation then turn out when the subject matter of the research is a literary one. Therefore, this study will carry within its folds several meaningful and abundant significances that are consistent with their content. The subject matter of the research focuses on “ the phenomenon of omission in the preferences ( poetic purposes): a significant grammatical study”. It is a linguistic phenomenon which is associated with a literary one that reflects a lively image of ancient Arab history; it has included all of the qualities which contributed to the validation of authentic ethical values. We should not overlook the fact that it contributes to the preservation of the authentic Arabic language as well. Moreover, it constitutes a category of poems which are used as evidence and substantiation in light of the fact that it includes instances of varied omissions. I was able to identify more than 445 instances which include pure grammatical significances that rarely appeared in the poems of the following ages. I have also noticed a flow of sensational significance and structural congruence due to the fact that it refers to a number of poets who lived in different eras. I have also detected in them some varying aspects of a psychological life. This has enriched the analytical aspect of the study especially when omission is considered as one of the grammatical significances whose meaning varies from one place to another. As for the study approach, it followed the integrated approach; I have used the descriptive approach for the definitions of the preferences while the historical approach was applied in the collection of instances of omission in the preferences. Finally, I used the analytical approach in the analysis of the verses of preferences. One of the most important outcomes of the study concluded that the phenomenon of omission is a grammatical phenomenon which has a purpose and an end to show. This significance is associated with the overall meaning of speech; this significance is only reached following a complete comprehension of the meaning. The most sublime significances are praise followed by boastfulness and contempt. This indicates that most of the research thirty poems involved eroticism, praise, eulogy and satire. The salient congruence between the degree of boastfulness and praise is quite noticeable. This is also due to their attachment to other sub branched links to clarify this correspondence. The tributes and the formation of the exalt values of the pre-Islamic and Islamic individual were exemplified in them. As for the omission of the noun, it comes in the first place followed by the letter and the verb. Most probably this stresses that omission is associated with the pure human elevation in the first place.