ظاهرتا الاعلال و الابدال في القران الكريم
نايفة خليل حسن صبح
Naifa Khalil Hasan Subeh
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In this study entitled as " The Two Phenomena of Vocalization and Epenthesis in the Glorious Qur'an " , the researcher had dealt with these two phenomena from two points of view. The first is a morphological one as prescribed by modernists. The aim has been to explore one aspect of this wonderful language which was honoured by being the language of the Glorious Qur'an. Hence, the researcher has chosen to explore these two phenomena by investigating one aspect of morpho-phonemic system of Arabic as depicated in Qur'anic language. This study comprises an introduction, three chapters and a conclusion. In the introduction, the researcher gives the topic of the study, its motives, subtopics, the methodology in addition to the most important references used. Chapter one has been allocated for vocalization in which the concepts has been define linguistically. Moreover, vocalization has been discussed as was laid down by the ancients whose view points has been traced, and who looked at it as part of phonetic change. The most important of these ancients are Sibawayh; Ibn Jinni; Ibn-al-hajib; and Ibn Malik among others. Then kinds of vocalization have been discussed, mainly weak or defective forms made by applying metathesis, under which the twelve types of this process have been explained; then weak forms made by means of omission have been illustrated. Here the discussion has been confined to the consistent omissions of vowels resulting from a morpho-phonemic necessity. This omission of the three long vowels i.e. the /u:/ the /i:/ and the /a:/ in addition to the hamza, i.e. the glottal stop. Thirdly, vocalization according to the modernists, its phonological rules and interpretations have been explained. Then a comparison between the two view points and a conclusion have been made. Chapter Two deals with epenthesis. This has been divided into two types: change by analogy for which to happen two condition have to be observedconsistency which if not observed results in deviation, and application of phonological rules. The second type is a dialectal one, i.e. not change by analogy. This is defined as a phonetic change that does not meet one or both of the two conditions of change by analogy. Here the change of Arabic letters have been traced according to their dictionary order. The third chapter includes the applied part of the study. This chapter is based on the discussion which has preceded it. In the first section a number of Qur'anic quotation have been cited to exemplify types of weak forms with illustrations, while in the second section quotation have been cited to exemplify phonetic change with illustrations whereas in the third section some rhetorical examples of both weak forms and phonetic change cases have been clarified. This thesis is characterized by the statistical study of each phenomenon and its divisions, which to the best of the researcher's knowledge, is unique in its type. The researcher has followed the integrative approach has included the historical, descriptive, analytical, and statistical methods. This study is supplemented by an appendix of Qur'anic terms which have undergone vocalization or epenthesis and have been classified in tables. Probably, the most important result that the study has come up with includes the fact that vocalization and epenthesis are two phonological phenomena although they were categorized within morphology and dealt with phonological. In addition, the statistical results emphasize the beauty of the Glorious Qur'an, its soft language and the harmong of its construction and sound, which results in the integration of meaning.