الأجوبة النحويّة في سورة البقرة بين الذّكر والحذف دراسة نحويّة وتركيبيّة
reveal the grammatical answers and the differences in mentioning, deletion, and analysis of their structure grammatically
تهاني عبد السميع اسحق النتشة
Tahani ABD ilsamee ISHAQ ALNATSHEH
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The study aims to reveal the grammatical answers and the differences in mentioning, deletion, and analysis of their structure grammatically. It is also labeled with a title of the grammatical answers in Surat Al-Baqarah (The Cow) between the act of mentioning and deletion in a synthetic grammatical study. As a result, the study focuses on the conditional sentences (answers), oath answers and request answers. This requires from the researcher to divide the study into three sections. Section One: the conditional answer; the researcher discusses the conditional sentences in both language and terminology. Moreover, the study concentrates on the concept of the conditional sentences as a style with all of its structures that might serve the study. Then, the survey strategy is used to study the conditional affirmative particles (Man) who, (Ma) what, (mahma) whatever and the conditional non-affirmative particles (etha) if, (lamma) when, (kullama) whenever , (law) and (lawla) that are mentioned in Surat Al-Baqarah (The Cow). These particles are categorized and analyzed based on their structure. The researcher also monitors the main positions in which the conditional answers of the pervious particles are deleted. A comparison is also made between the mentioned answers and the deleted ones clarifying the reasons of deletion for some of these answers. Section Two: the researcher discusses the oath style in language and terminology, and then defines the oath style including its synthetic components deducing the Quranic verses in which the oath style is used or deleted with a comparison between the conditional answers and oath answers. Section Three: this section deals with the analysis of the request style and its definition in both language and terminology. The researcher analyzes the concept of the answered requests deducing the Quranic verses that include this style. The researcher concludes important results: expressing words is all what distinguishes their meanings and that grammatical strategies are formed based on oneself. The researcher also finds that the conditional style is the most mentioned in Surat Al-Baqarah (The Cow), followed by the request style then the oath style. Another important result is the existence of the conditional style and oath style together in Surat Al-Baqarah (The Cow); the language here adopts one answer when the two exist and leave the other one. The researcher also recommends more studies and researches on the grammatical answers and analyzing the secrets behind them.