التحقيق في إمكانيات النفايات الصلبة البلدية في فرص الطاقة في الضفة الغربية - مدينة الخليل
Investigating the Potential of Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Opportunities in West Bank - Hebron City
مهند عبدالله محمد نصار
MOHANAD ABDULLAH MOHAMED NASSAR
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This research focuses on identifying, quantitatively and qualitatively, the waste-to-energy potential by quantifying amount and composition of municipal solid waste generated in a densely urban area located in Hebron city. Samples are collected and used in accordance to American Society for Testing and Materials standard procedure at the laboratories of the Renewable Energy and Environment Research Unit of the Palestine Polytechnic University. Experimental studies are done on representative samples to identify its thermal properties (Gross and Net Calorific Values) in addition to proximate analysis (Moisture Content, Volatile Matter, Ash Content and Fixed Carbon ) are carried out to identify the other relevant properties. Experimentally, identified properties are found in good agreement with same properties found in relevant literature. Values that describe the MSW characteristics agreed well with those of developing countries, i.e. food waste stream were found to be the largest stream composing more than 60% of the overall waste. Plastic streams come second with more than 10%. Calorific values for food waste, plastics, paper and cardboard, textile and wood are found to be 16, 39, 17, 15, and 18 MJ/kg respectively. The heat content of a 100 kg of MSW contains 84.2 kg of Combustible MSW streams which is energy terms equals 2672 kWh (962 MJ). This is considered high energy potential. The research enabled identification of proximate properties including moisture content, volatile matter, ash content, and fixed carbon. These identified properties are prerequisite for any mathematical model that may be used in the future for further study energy generation options. On the basis of generated municipal solid waste and in particular combustible waste streams, waste-to-energy system may provide an opportunity for Palestinians to enhance the previous method to get the advantage of incineration. Moreover; it is recommended to conduct thorough technical and financial feasibilities on the best incineration system that suits Palestine.