مدى إنتشار قلق الموت بين المسنات الأرامل في مخيمات شمال الضفة الغربية
The Prevalance of Death Anxiety among Elderly Widows Women in Refugee Camps at the North West Bank.
بهاء الدين انور عبد اللطيف قاسم
BAHAA ALDEEN ANWAR ABED ALATEEF Qasem
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Aim: This study aimed to identify death anxiety among widowed senior in refugee camps in Northern district of the West Bank. Also, it aimed to identify its relation with the factors of educational level, the level of religious commitment, health and living condition, age and time of loose. Method: For achieving the study's purpose, a scale consisting of (20) items and four domains has been developed, distributed among (228) individuals of study sample in five refugee camps. The questionnaires were gathered, codified, entered the computer and statistically processed by using the statistical package of social science (SPSS). Results: The study results on the targeted sample show a low degree of response on the domain of death anxiety on the items of fear from death and graves, fear from after death, fear from fatal diseases and fear from the idea of death. A moderate response degree has been found on the second domain on the items of "I fear grave punishment and I'm thinking about beyond death", low degree of response on the third and fourth domains except for the item of "I fear cancer". The results of the qualitative study have indicated that death bears contradictive meanings, positive and negatives. Some of them think that death is a mercy (90%), question and punishment (100%). The majority of the tested sample expressed medium level fear. Meanwhile, (23%) expressed a low degree of fear and (15%) had a high level fear of death. Moreover, the results show that there were differences on the effect of the experience on the tested sample due to their age group. It showed that deathexperienced in childhood affected their way of thinking in a different way of their current life after they became senior; the majority of them (64%) feel an increasing level of death anxiety when they feel sick or have a disease. Also, the tested sample expressed that their full awareness for death is based on their religious beliefs through which they seek the best comment to thespiritual and religious commands so they can avoid the grave or the hereafter life punishment. Recommendations: The researcher has come up with a group of recommendation to both decision makers and specialists.