التوافق النفسي لدى طلبة المرحلة الأساسية العليا الأيتام في مدارس الجمعية الخيرية الإسلامية في محافظة الخليل لعام 2002-2003م
The psychological adaptation of the high elementary orphan students, at the Islamic chritable society schools in Hebron distrect.
محمود محمد مصطفى عمرو
Mahmoud Mohammad Mustafa Amro
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This survy was done by M. Amro, aiming at evaluating the degree of psychological adaptation of the orphan students in grad 8, 9, and 10. who are studying at the Islamic charitable society , in Hebron district. The population of the study was all the students in the previosly mentioned classes, and were 609 students in all, from four schools. The Islamic school for girls Hebron( 224), The Islamic school for boys - Hebron( 285), Al seddek school-Dura( 37), and Abdullah Ben Masoud – BaniNaeem( 39), Of all only 582 participated in the study. The male orphans were181 student, and 204 were not orphans, while 138 were orphan girls, and 86 were not orphans. The researcher developed atool depending on Hue.M.Bell tool for psychological and professional adaptation, that was translated to Arabic By Othman Nagati, and cosist of four dimentions:( the physical adaptation, emotional, social, and family adaptationThe validity of the tool was tested , by using referees( refereed testing), and the reliabilty was tested by cronbach alpha, the results were 82% and this is considered as a good reliability result. The study tried to answer the following two main questions -176- What is the degree of the psychological adaptation of the students studying at the Islamic chritable society schools? Is there any deferences between the degree of the psychological adaptation between the orphans and the none orphan students? The results revealed that the students in general has a moderat to high adaptation level, and that there is differences between the orphans level ofadaptation , and the none orphans, were the none orphans were having a better adaptation level in all aspects of the study. The study identify various elements that affect the lvel of adaptation such as: the student sex, age, economical, number family members, parents education, who is the lost parent( father or mother), and if the student is living in the orphanage or at home. The Recommendations: The researcher proposed the following recomenations: 1-There is a necessity to provid more care to the orphans specialy those in the adolescence 2-Orphan girls are in need of more attention and councilling to help them adopt better adaptation skills. 3-The orphan students who are living in the orphanage are in need of more attention as they are more affected. families. 5-The parents educational level play an important role in the psycological adaptation level of the students, so attention and opportunity for further education of both girls and boys as a future parents is neede. 6- Ther is a need to provid the student who experience separation, with psychological support as soon as he possible. 7-There is a need for multi dimentional services, for the orphans and there families, to minimize the hard life experience they are living. 8- Finally thr researcher recommende further studies, of the psychologica-There is aneed to take care of the economical status of the single parentadaptation in other settings for better comparison, and widening of variables.