الفعالية المضادة للكائنات الدقيقه لدوائيْن أوليّيْن جديديْن مبتكريْن من مضادات البكتيريا؛ الأموكسيلين والسيفالكسين
Antibacterial activity of Novel Prodrugs of Amoxicillin and Cephalexin
ساميه صلاح الدين عبد الغني كرد
samia salahaldeen abdalgani kord
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The two novel prodrugs of amoxicillin and cephalexin were synthesized to improve the stability and bitter taste of their parent drugs. The in vitro susceptibility for both prodrugs was determined against Escherichia coli, staphylococcus epidermidis, staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumonia, streptococcus group A, streptococcus group B, and compared to that of their parents. The results revealed that both novel prodrugs have antibacterial activity on most bacterial strains with about the same potency as their parent drugs, In addition, Klebsiella pneumonia, and staphylococcus epidermidis showed resistance to both amoxicillin drug and its prodrug. Since klebsiella is gram negative bacteria and staphylococcus epidermidise is beta lactamase positive . It is worth noting that those two novel prodrugs are among a small number of prodrugs that have activity themselves before undergoing conversion via enzymatic or chemical processes to their corresponding parent drugs. The novel prodrugs exhibit their antibacterial activity against different types of bacterial strains due to the presence of beta lactam ring in their structures. In addition, it is expected that the novel two prodrugs will be much more stable in aqueous media than their corresponding parent drugs due to the fact that the sensitive amine group exists in the parent drugs was replaced with a more stable group, amide.