تقييم وجهة نظر التمريض تجاه الاخطاء الدوانية - المستشفيات في فلسطين
Assessment of Nurses Perception towards Medication Errors in Palestinian Hospitals
رضا رضوان صبري سلمي
Reda Radwan Sabri Silmi
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Background: Medication errors are one of the most common causes of accidental errors affecting patients’ safety and can cause serious consequences for patients. Medication errors are underreported worldwide, particularly in developing countries. Which lead to the lack of information regarding the problems of medication errors. Aim: To assess the input from nurses’ regarding several issues in medication error, exploring their perception towards medication error causes, types, rate, and reporting. which might help in pinpointing some areas in medication safety issues where there is potential for making improvement to be reflected in the nurses practices regarding medication managements at hospitals. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used. Data was collected using a self-administered questionnaire. The study was conducted in three hospitals; public, private, and NGO. A total of 267 nurses participated in the study Findings: The overall response rate was (57.17%). Female were 59.8%, and males 40.2%. The most perceived causes of MEs were lack of pharmacological knowledge and skills (82%), and heavy workload and shortage of staff (77.7%). As for the most common types of MEs, wrong medication dose (57.5%) and wrong time (53.2%) were the most prevalent. The mean number ofcommitted MEs in the past 12 months was 1.94, and the mean number of reporting medication errors in the past 12 months was 1.6. With regard to the most common type of medications involved in MEs, antibiotics was given the highest frequency in MEs. Regarding the level of harm resulted from medication error that occurs in the past 12 months, the higher frequency was for MEs causing temporary harm to patients (28.2%). Moreover, participants from the NGO and public hospitals scored higher than private hospital participants inregard to shortage of nursing staff and heavy work overload cause (P<0.001). Also 57.9% of participants with bachelor’s degree indicated the effect of lacking pharmacological knowledge and skills more than diploma and graduate studies participants (P<0.001). Finally a statistically significant relationship was found in the frequency of committing MEs (P=0.001) and frequency of reporting MEs (P<0.001) in relation to the hospital ownership. Conclusions: the results of the study indicate that there are areas of potential improvements in Palestinian hospitals. Medication safety interventions should be formulated to address strategies to reduce and eliminate medication errors.