الموقف الفرنسي من الصراع الإسرائيلي الفلسطيني 1993-2018
جميل مجدي جميل شقورة
jamil majdy jamil shakkoura
The study addressed the French position towards the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, from 1993 to the beginning of 2018, and showed the different stages that this position went through ups and downs. From France's stand with Israel and its economic, military, political and security support, ending with a policy of balance between the conflicting parties. It included five chapters and highlighted France's position towards the conflict between the two states (Palestine and Israel) from 1994 to 2007, which is the period when President Jacques Chirac was in power, that is considered the golden period in French-Palestinian relations. It also dealt with France's position on the Palestinian-Israeli conflict during the period between 2007-2017, which was represented by the return of the strength of the French- Israeli relations and the cooling of the French-Palestinian relations. The letter concluded with the final chapter that explores the French positions towards the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. The researcher used several research methods: historical approach, descriptive analytical method, decision-making methodology, and forward-looking approach. The study reached a number of results, the most important of which are: • Israel has a strong relationship with France, and this is reflected in the economic, security, military and scientific agreements signed between the two countries. In addition, Israel is a developed country in all fields, and this is what made France see Israel as a country of great importance in the region, and France is the largest military market for Israel, as its military support for Israel is the highest. • Economic relations and agreements between Israel and France are outside political positions as there is a separation in economic dealings between the two parties. Despite Israeli practices against the Palestinians, which have drawn criticism from the international community, France has not suspended any economic agreements with Israel so economic relations seem to be somewhat independent of the rather strained political relations with Israel. • Israel realizes that France shows sympathy towards the Palestinian side, which made it work to remove the French role from any peace process in the Middle East; due to the crisis of trust between the two parties. The United States is also working to limit France's role in making it a financial financier of what the United States decides in the Middle East which is a biased role to Israel.