دور مؤسسات المجتمع المدني العاملة مع قطاع الشباب في تعزيز قيم المواطنة
هديل عمر محمود زياده
Hadeel omar mahmiud zyadeh
This study aims to understand what citizenship and its values are among young people in Jerusalem as a city under occupation whose Palestinians are not recognized, and which it seeks in various ways to Judaize. The study examined the role of sacred civil society institutions working with the youth sector in promoting the values of youth citizenship from the point of view of young people benefiting from institutional services and those working in these institutions, with all the complexities involved,by measuring their role in promoting their set of values. The study addressed a specific set of values: Volunteering, belonging, teamwork, political participation, community participation, the study community is all the young people who benefit from these institutions, as well as all those who work in those institutions. After presenting the objectives, importance, problems and hypotheses of the study, the first chapter reviewed in chapter II the concept of citizenship, the concept of civil society and its relationship to citizenship. The chapter then provides an historical account of the concept of citizenship in Palestine, focusing on the reality of Jerusalem in an attempt to examine the problem of applying the concept of democratic or liberal citizenship and others under the practices of occupation in the city to limit the life of the holy citizen; With a view to changing reality, the study provides a procedural approach to the concept of citizenship in Jerusalem. The study then proceeds to talk about sacred youth, then institutions working with the youth sector and finally to define the values of citizenship adopted by the study. In chapter III, the study reviews the society and sample of the study, the curriculum of the study, as well as the certainty and sincerity of the two instruments of the study, the civil society institutions working with the youth tool for assessing the role of sacred sector from the perspective of young people, and the tool for assessing the role of sacred civil society institutions working with the youth sector from the perspective of .sthose working in those institution Chapter IV also presents the results of the hypotheses of the study on differences in the role of sacred civil society institutions working with the youth sector according to the classification of responders (holy youth, civil society workers). In chapter V, the main results of the quantitative study were discussed and linked to previous studies and the conceptual framework; In the light of those conclusions, In the light of those conclusions, a set of recommendations has been formulated regarding youth, the values of citizenship and the relationship of youth with the City of Jerusalem and its institutions. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher used both qualitative and quantitative methodologies; Being able to achieve the objectives of the study and answer its questions by explaining the relevant phenomena and then measuring the impact in different variables. The study reviewed previous studies and plans. Two research tools were used the first was a series of interviews with activists in the sacred community, and the second was a questionnaire and was divided into two sections; The first questionnaire, which targeted an intended sample of 53 civil society workers and employees, and another questionnaire for 281 young people and young people benefiting from institutional services, aimed at examining the views of the targets on the role of working sacred civil society institution: This study has produced a series of findings, the most important of which is: The role of sacred civil society institutions working with the youth sector in promoting the values of citizenship among sacred youth is significant from the point of view of young people benefiting from these institutions with an assessment rate (73.6%); The most prominent values of citizenship that civil society organizations work with young people to promote are belonging and to a large extent (81.6), followed by collective action this was followed by teamwork to a large degree (77.6%), followed by community participation and volunteering respectively and significantly (76.0%, 73.2%), while institutions had little role in promoting political participation (51.6%). As for the perspective of civil society workers on their role in promoting citizenship values, they were significant (% 68.2). In addition, the results showed a difference in the researchers' responses to the role of civil society organizations working with the youth sector in promoting citizenship values among sacred youth between young people benefiting from those institutions and those working in those institutions. The study recommended a series of recommendations, the most important of which were: The need to ensure that values of citizenship translate feeling or intangible into practice on the ground, support programmes and ideas that contribute to deepening the values of collective action, community participation and political participation, and seek to reverse the sense of belonging towards the city and direct it towards active action in collective action, community participation and political participation,. To strengthen the association of young people with their inclusive Palestinian history and identity, as a means of resisting the processes of Judaization of the city and attempts to separate sacred reality from the reality of the Palestinian people and to raise the awareness of the holy people about the issues of slavery and Judaism and about the dangers of Israeli soft power (cultural centres, courses, cultural and artistic programmes, which aim to strike the sacred identity and normalize Al Maqdissi sacred awareness.