Vitamin B12 Status among Chronic Kidney Disease Patients in Gaza Strip
Khitam Esam El-Zomarah
Reem Mahmoud J'arour
Ahmad Soliman Al- Shorafa
Al-Quds University, Deanship of Scientific Research
Background: In the world, chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a rising health burden, with an estimated 20 million people affected. CKD is characterized as either a prolonged decrease in kidney function with a rate of glomerular filtration below 60 ml/min/1.73 mt2 or evidence of damage to the kidneys. The key factor contributing to chronic renal failure (CRF) anemia is the lack of erythropoietin, iron deficiency and reduced red cell lifespan. Nutritional deficiency, vegetarian diet, or deranged vitamin metabolism are another possibility in uremic patients.