الدورالتنموي للمؤسسات الأهلية في محافظة بيت لحم ومعيقاته من وجهة نظر أعضاء مجلس الإدارة العليا
ماهرة عبد الكريم الجمل
Mahera Al Jamal
The study aimsed at identifying the development role at civil society institutions in Bethlehem government and at pinpointing the obstacles facing these institutions represented in the following fields: Actual development role of civil society institutions in Bethlehem area and problems and obstacles facing these institutions. Besides that, the study aims at identifying the effect of independent variables gender, location of institutions formation of the administrative bolands, ages of bolands members and qualification of board members. The population of the study constituted of all administrative members of civil society institution in Bethlehem government. There were 270 institutions. The sample of the study is 156 board members that is 57.7% of the population. To achieve its aims the resecher developed a questionnaire consisting of two parts depending on literature and previous studies in this field. The first part consists of the basic data and the second part relates to the evaluation of the development role of the institution under study. The oval questionnaire comprised 54 statements distributed to six fields: educational role, education and artistic role, participation, entertainment and way of spending time and health and environment. The questionnaire was given to three referees in management and development to ensure the validity at the tool used. The person correlation for all statements was estimated, all values were statistically significant which shows internal consistency. Data were analyzed using solution package for social science (SPSS). Summations means, standard deviations and percentages were estimated on all fields of the study. t-test and one way analysis of variance, cronbach alpha were used to measure the post differences when these differences appear. The study has achieved several results among them. There is a significant development role performed by these institutions. The most important roles ere in culture, artistic and information followed by participating role, familial and societal role followed by entertainment and good time spending, health and environment and finally their role in education. On the level of durries and obstacles the study has shown that the most obstacles were related to public relation, financial resources, the obstacle legislation, the resources of planning and developing of goals, and last was the obstacle leadership and stuffing. Further more the results revealed that there is a positive relation at level ( α=0.05%) between the dimension of financial situation of the institution, the legislative situation, public relation and the extent of institutional contribution in development. There was no relation at level (α =0.05%) between the dimension of planning and setting goals, and the extent of institutional contribution in development. There was no a negative relation between the dimension of leadership and stuffing and the extent of institutional contribution in development. The results revealed that there were significant statistical differences at all levels(α =0.05%)in the development role of the private institution in Bethlehem government due to place of institution, age of administrative board member and the year of establishment besides there were no significant statistical differences at level (α =0.05%) due to gender, qualification, way of forming board councils, and year of ط establishment of institutions. There were significant statistical differences at level (α =0.05%) in the obstacles facing institution due to gender. Besides, there were no significant statistical differences at level (α =0.05%) in the obstacles faced due to location and institution, qualification at board members, way of choosing administrative stuff, age and gender of board members. In light of the results found the researcher has developed the following recommends among them the development of administrative and leadership skills of board members to enable them convey the mission of institutions in an effective and efficient manner, the development of detailed plane that will enable the institution achieve their goals. Another recommendation is that relevant ministries most pay more attention to these institution. They need to follow up on the activities performed by these institution through the development of comprehensive plans that will help serve and develop the development role of the institution and to make sure that the funding is spent according to the needs in light of views at these institution and not according to the views of donors. As for the obstacles the results of the study has shown that there is a need for the institution to overcome obstacles like article 1 in law 2000 relating to charimble organization and civil society institution. Such law needs to be reevaluated and reformed so it will become more accurate, more clear and better secure actual development in the region .