مدى انتشار اضطراب فرط الحركة وقلة الانتباه بين طلبة الصف الخامس في مدارس بيت لحم Prevalence of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Among Fifth Grade Children In Bethlehem Schools.

Date
2012-06-23
Authors
شيرين حسين عبد المجيد عابدين
Shirin Hussein Abdelmajid Abdin
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
AL-Quds University
جامعة القدس
Abstract
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral disorder charecterised by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of ADHD among fifth grade students in Bethlehem schools according to mothers’ perspective and also, to find out the extent of comorbidity with conduct behavior. The study population included all the mothers of the children in fifth grade in all types of schools in Bethlehem governorate . The prevalence of ADHD was measured from the mothers’ prespective. Therefore, the students were the unit of selection but the mothers were the study population. The target population included 494 mothers of fifth grade students in Bethlehem schools, average age was 11 year. The target population represents 9.3% of the study population. Two questionnaires were used, the first was the Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder scale to assess for ADHD (Ahmad,1999), the other was the Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory (Eyberg,1992) that assesses conduct behavior. The study revealed a moderate degree of total ADHD symptoms prevalence among fifth grade children in Bethlehem schools from their mothers’ perspective, mean was 2.12 and standard deviation was 0.59. The mothers who had evaluated their children with a moderate degree of ADHD symptoms were 45.9%, those who evaluated their children with a low degree were 44.7% and 9.3% of the mothers evaluated their children with a high degreeThe study revealed a low degree of conduct behaviour prevalence among fifth grade children in Bethlehem schools from their mothers’ perspective, the mean was 2.97 and the standard deviation was 1.005. The mothers who had evaluated their children with a low degree of conduct behaviour were 60.4%,those who evaluated their children with a moderate degree were 36% and 3.6% were who evaluated their children with a high degree. The study revealed that comorbidity between ADHD symptoms and conduct behaviour from the mothers’ perspective at low degree of both dimensions was 39.2%, at moderate degree of both dimensions was 26.2%, and 0.8% at high degree of both dimensionsThe results of the study showed a significant statistical differences at (α ≤0.05) in the prevalence of ADHD symptoms among fifth grade children in Bethlehem schools due to students’ academic performance, type of school, gender of child. Also, a significant statistical differences at (α ≤0.05) in the prevalence of ADHD symptoms among fifth grade children in Bethlehem schools from the mothers’ perspective due to the mother’s educational level, number of hours that the mother spends with child. No significant statistical differences were found at (α ≤0.05) in the prevalence of ADHD symptoms among fifth grade children in Bethlehem schools according to their mothers’ perspective related to mothers’ age, current marital status of the mother, mothers’ job, mothers’ relation to father, place of living and mean income per month. According to the findings, a moderate level of ADHD symptoms was found among fifth grade children in Bethlehem schools from the mothers’ perspective. This will suggested changes in policy and practice that can help to make early identification of children with ADHD in schools, and to develop programs to help those children and their families. Therefore, schools will be the place of growth and development for all the students, including those with ADHD. In addition, it will minimise the negative impact on the individual, family and society.
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Keywords
الصحة النفسية المجتمعية, Community Mental Health
Citation