الأبعاد السياسية والاجتماعية والاقتصادية للثورة المصرية 25- /يناير/2011 he Political, Economic and Social Dimensions of the January 25th Revolution in Egypt

Date
2013-05-14
Authors
حليمة عبداللة احمد درعاوي
halimah abdallah ahmad darawi
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
AL-Quds University
جامعة القدس
Abstract
This study discusses the political, economic and social dimensions of the January 25th revolution in Egypt. It was selected for many reasons starting with the significance and the huge influence of Egypt on both regional and Arabian levels, in view of the fact that any change in the Egyptian situation will affect directly the surrounding areas. Also, due to the considerable political and regional role of Egypt as it is deemed a leading country in the region. On the other hand the Egyptian revolution, unlike other Arabic revolutions, adopted a peaceful and nonviolent method in which the Egyptian army embraced the revolution and protected it instead of encountering and suppressing it. The study uses the descriptive analytical methodology of research. It aims to reveal the political, economic and social conditions prevailing prior to the revolution and how all these conditions accelerated its broke out. Thus, the hypothesis of this study states that there is a positive correlation between the change in the social, political, and economic situation of the Egyptian people and the broke out of their revolution. The study also aims to reveal the political, social and economic situations after the revolution of January the 25th in terms of political pluralism in Egypt after the revolution, the parties that participated in the elections such as religious and leftist parties, the problems arose with these parties after the revolution and the constitutional amendments accompanied with the political conflicts between the Islamic movements and the opposition parties which defended their positions, as well as the national and regional stances towards the revolution. The study concluded that the Egyptian revolution is an integrated model for the public uprisings which carry the seeds of a comprehensive changes in future, the general result which is the main demand of the public is achieved by overthrowing the regime, though the change in the social reality is still far to be achieved. Nevertheless, there are some signs for a beginning of a new social contract that differs from the previous one between the people and the government. The study also concluded that the revolution was able to bring back to the Egyptians their self. The protests become a method of expression and change which was demonstrated obviously during the unfinished transitional period until now in spite of electing a president and amending the constitution; a situation that can be attributed to the political conditions and the economical crisis that the Egyptians suffer from. Thus, it is highly necessary to start a comprehensive dialogue between the new regime and all society sectors in order to achieve the purposes of the revolution in building the nation on new basis of equality and democracy. Moreover, the study points out to the tendency of the Egyptian new regime towards “the Islamization of the regime” through the emerging Muslims’ Brotherhood party. It looked at the Turkish, Indonesian and Malaysian experiences as models to be adopted knowing that Muslims’ Brotherhood before revolutions are not the same as after them Many rules and behaviors have changed in the Muslims’ brotherhood approach which correspond to the needs of reaching the power and restraining it. The researcher suggests further studies Carried out by researchers who are interested in the Egyptian revolution discuss the political and the economic aspects in Egypt and reveal the effects of the revolution on them. That is because this study did not deal with the economic change in terms of statistical analysis .In addition to that, it did not clarify the impact of the Egyptian revolution on the foreign relations such as the relation with Israel
This study discusses the political, economic and social dimensions of the January 25th revolution in Egypt. It was selected for many reasons starting with the significance and the huge influence of Egypt on both regional and Arabian levels, in view of the fact that any change in the Egyptian situation will affect directly the surrounding areas. Also, due to the considerable political and regional role of Egypt as it is deemed a leading country in the region. On the other hand the Egyptian revolution, unlike other Arabic revolutions, adopted a peaceful and nonviolent method in which the Egyptian army embraced the revolution and protected it instead of encountering and suppressing it. The study uses the descriptive analytical methodology of research. It aims to reveal the political, economic and social conditions prevailing prior to the revolution and how all these conditions accelerated its broke out. Thus, the hypothesis of this study states that there is a positive correlation between the change in the social, political, and economic situation of the Egyptian people and the broke out of their revolution. The study also aims to reveal the political, social and economic situations after the revolution of January the 25th in terms of political pluralism in Egypt after the revolution, the parties that participated in the elections such as religious and leftist parties, the problems arose with these parties after the revolution and the constitutional amendments accompanied with the political conflicts between the Islamic movements and the opposition parties which defended their positions, as well as the national and regional stances towards the revolution. The study concluded that the Egyptian revolution is an integrated model for the public uprisings which carry the seeds of a comprehensive changes in future, the general result which is the main demand of the public is achieved by overthrowing the regime, though the change in the social reality is still far to be achieved. Nevertheless, there are some signs for a beginning of a new social contract that differs from the previous one between the people and the government.
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Keywords
الدراسات الاقليمية, Regional Studies
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