The Role of Using the Digitization on Achievement and Motivation of the 6th Graders in Science and Teachers’ Trends Towards Using Digitization in Government Schools in Bethlehem District
عبير اديب عودة قاش
Abeer Adeeb Odah Qash
The present study aimed at investigating the Role of using digitization on students’ achievement and motivation in science and the attitude of their teachers to use it. The descriptive analytical approach was used in the analysis of the educational module (unit of human body organs); this study utilized the quasi-experimental type methodology. The study has been applied on a purposeful sample of the 6th graders in governmental schools, in Bethlehem District in the academic year 2018/2019. The sample included (122) students (60 males and 62 females) at Salah al-Deen Basic School for Boys, Al-Shaheed Said Al- Ass Basic School for Boys, Mariam Al-Athra Primary School for Girls and Al-Khader Primary School for Girls. Students were assigned to experimental and control groups; the experimental group was taught by using digitization and the controlled one was taught by the Normal method. An achievement test was prepared and a questionnaire for motivation, in addition to the questionnaire for the teachers’ attitudes. Content validity and reliability were established for all instruments, it was 0.9 for the questionnaire and 0.8 for the test. The experiments have lasted for two months. Achievement tests were performed based on Bloom's Taxonomy analysis for the taught units; at the same time, a questionnaire was distributed to the students to measure the effect of using digitization. The means and standard deviation, (2-way ANCOVA) test, were used in the study. The findings of the study showed that there is no significant statistical difference in the achievement test due to the effect of the method used in teaching the 6th graders when compared to the four schools. Therefore, digitization schools are statistically significant on Analysis, Synthesis, and Application and in favor of the girls’ schools. Using Bloom’s Taxonomy objectives and the vi results of the study indicate that there is a strong positive association in the students' attitudes to learn how to use digitization in both level of internal and external motivation. Hence, the significant level of the four domain .045, .01 and 0.007, which indicate that there is significant difference between the internal motivation, external motivation, total motivation, and exam results. Moreover, teachers' attitudes in the four areas were positive with regards to using digitization as an instructional tool in teaching science, and the overall score of their responses to all paragraphs of the questionnaire. In addition, teachers' attitudes were positive towards the use of digitization as an instructional tool in teaching science. The study shows that the attitudes of science teachers towards the use of digitization as an educational tool in teaching science are positive, regardless of the gender, qualification or years of experience. This encourages the use of these positive trends in the use of computers in teaching as an effective teaching method to improve the learning process and its outcomes. Based on those findings, the study recommends that the training programs may be offered to train teachers on how to use digitization; students could be provided with opportunities to practice using it.