Knowledge and attitude of nurses toward stroke rehabilitation in two Governorates in Palestine

Nivine George Elias Juha Shatleh
نيفين جورج الياس جحا / الشتلة
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Al-Quds University
After heart disease, stroke is reported to be the second most common leading cause of death in the world. The impact of stroke on patients may range from mild to severe. Some patients may need rehabilitation, which is the process a patient goes through whereby the patient is helped to return to a healthier, more independent life. During rehabilitation, patients are taken care of by nurses. Although nurses have significant roles during this rehabilitation period, such as therapeutic practice, little is known about the knowledge and attitude of Palestinian nurses towards stroke rehabilitation. This study is aimed at investigating nurses’ knowledge and attitude regarding their roles during the care of stroke patients while in rehabilitation. The method: The study used a quantitative, cross-sectional descriptive design, with a self-administrative questionnaire as the data collection instrument. The study was conducted in Bethlehem and Ramallah governorates, including two departments for rehabilitation, which included 107 nurses. The results Study findings showed that nurses have inadequate knowledge about the basic principles of rehabilitation for stroke patients in the area of patient management. The uniqueness of cases, intensive rehabilitation, the time, and duration it takes a patient to improve are all findings to consider. In the area of attitude, the current study found that most participants had a passion for providing proper care to stroke patients. However, even though the desire to provide care was strong, various negative personal impacts were experienced by nurses, including nurses who did not desire to practice additional tasks in their settings and those who prefer to be far from the active rehabilitation process. It was noted that demographic variables and years of nursing experience did not reveal a relationship with the level of knowledge and attitude. There is a strong evidence that nurses should develop and integrate stroke-specific rehabilitation knowledge and skills in their practice, as well as additional stroke-specific training to integrate rehabilitation principles in their role and workplace.